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Our study aimed to assess the effect of dual inoculation with the selected Rhizobium strain KWN35 and the arbuscular mycorrhizal isolate BEG 176 (Glomus etunicatum) on the growth of Calliandra calothyrsus cultivated under irrigation in the field in Senegal (Dakar) over a period of 24 months. Although plants inoculated with both microsymbionts grew better(More)
Microbial communities have a central role in ecosystem processes by driving the Earth's biogeochemical cycles. However, the importance of microbial diversity for ecosystem functioning is still debated. Here, we experimentally manipulated the soil microbial community using a dilution approach to analyze the functional consequences of diversity loss. A(More)
Microbial communities are of major importance in the decomposition of soil organic matter. However, the identities and dynamics of the populations involved are still poorly documented. We investigated, in an 11-month field experiment, how the initial biochemical quality of crop residues could lead to specific decomposition patterns, linking biochemical(More)
In this correspondence, we propose an efficient estimator of optimal memory (averaging interval) for discrete-time finite impulse response (FIR) filters in state-space. Its crucial property is that only real measurements and the filter output are involved with no reference and noise statistics. Testing by the two-state polynomial model has shown a very good(More)
Eighty-two strains of rhizobia were isolated from soils taken from several sites in Mauritania and Senegal. These soil samples were collected from natural stands of Acacia nilotica and Acacia senegal. The soils from Mauritania were less rich in native rhizobia than the soils from Senegal. The strains were characterized using polymerase chain(More)
In this paper, the problem of estimating the precision matrix of a multivariate Kotz type model is considered. First, using the quadratic loss function, we prove that the unbiased estimator α0A, where A denotes the sample sum of product matrix, is dominated by a better constant multiple of A−1, denoted by α 0A −1. Secondly, a new class of shrinkage(More)
The purpose of this work was to determine the most efficient methods of inoculation to significantly improve nodulation and growth of Acacia senegal and Acacia nilotica, grown under greenhouse conditions. Our results showed that inoculation using dissolved alginate beads containing rhizobia significantly improved the growth of both acacia species better(More)
Ficus species are multipurpose trees well known by rural populations in Sahelian and Sudanian zones of Africa. Their uses are well documented but their amenability for vegetative propagation has not been extensively studied. This paper compares the rooting ability of stem and aerial root cuttings from thirteen Ficus species found in West Africa. It(More)
Ataxia telangiectasia (A-T) is a rare, autosomal recessive disorder of childhood characterized by progressive cerebellar ataxia, telangiectasia, and immune defects, and is caused by mutations in the ataxia-telangiectasia mutated (ATM) gene [1]. The incidence of the disease is about 1 in 40,000 to 100,000 births [2]. A-T has been reported worldwide [3], but(More)
Mathematical models do not explicitly represent the influence of soil microbial diversity on soil organic carbon (SOC) dynamics despite recent evidence of relationships between them. The objective of the present study was to statistically investigate relationships between bacterial and fungal diversity indexes (richness, evenness, Shannon index, inverse(More)