Amade Bregy

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Brain edema and associated increased intracranial pressure are major consequences of traumatic brain injury (TBI). While astrocyte swelling (cytotoxic edema) represents a major component of the brain edema in the early phase of TBI, its mechanisms are unclear. One factor known to be activated by trauma is nuclear factor-κB (NF-κB). Because this factor has(More)
OBJECT The treatment of complex cerebrovascular or skull base pathological conditions necessitates a microsurgical blood flow preservation or augmentative revascularization procedure as either an adjunctive safety measure or a definitive treatment. The brain is susceptible to ischemia, and procedure-related risks can be minimized by the reduction of(More)
BACKGROUND Experimental tissue fusion benefits from the selective heating of superparamagnetic iron oxide nanoparticles (SPIONs) under high frequency irradiation. However, the metabolic pathways of SPIONs for tissue fusion remain unknown. Hence, the goal of this in vivo study was to analyze the distribution of SPIONs in different organs by means of magnetic(More)
OBJECTIVE Awake craniotomy (AC) has seen an expanded role in brain tumor surgery over the past few decades. AC allows intraoperative cortical mapping and the continuous assessment of neurophysiological parameters, which are otherwise unattainable under general anesthesia (GA). The ability of AC to analyze eloquent brain areas makes it a powerful method for(More)
Differentiating post radiation necrosis from progression of glioma and pseudoprogression poses a diagnostic conundrum for many clinicians. As radiation therapy and temozolomide chemotherapy have become the mainstay of treatment for higher-grade gliomas, radiation necrosis and post treatment changes such as pseudoprogression have become a more relevant(More)
Glioblastoma multiforme (GBM) is the most common malignant adult brain tumor. Standard GBM treatment includes maximal safe surgical resection with combination radiotherapy and adjuvant temozolomide (TMZ) chemotherapy. Alarmingly, patient survival at five-years is below 10%. This is in part due to the invasive behavior of the tumor and the resulting(More)
A novel version of the commercial device simulator DESSIS-Laser is used to simulate the temperature-dependent static and dynamic characteristics of a multi mode vertical-cavity surface-emitting laser. The microscopic simulation shows a saturation of the effective differential gain of the modulation response with increased drive currents. Carrier dynamics(More)
OBJECT As endovascular techniques have become more advanced, preoperative embolization has become an increasingly used intervention in the management of meningiomas. To date, however, no consensus has been reached on the use of this technique. To clarify the role of preoperative embolization in the management of meningiomas, the authors conducted a(More)
PURPOSE The increased efficacy of cancer treatments has led to a greater survival rate of patients with pediatric brain cancers. Therefore, it is imperative to explore the long-term consequences of therapies employed to treat pediatric brain tumors. The goal of this study was to provide a review of literature regarding the downstream psychological and(More)
BACKGROUND Optimal postoperative management paradigm for brain metastases remains controversial. OBJECTIVE To conduct a systematic review of the literature to understand the role of postoperative stereotactic radiosurgery after resection of brain metastases. METHODS We performed a MEDLINE search of the literature to identify series of patients with(More)