Amade Bregy

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Brain edema and associated increased intracranial pressure are major consequences of traumatic brain injury (TBI). While astrocyte swelling (cytotoxic edema) represents a major component of the brain edema in the early phase of TBI, its mechanisms are unclear. One factor known to be activated by trauma is nuclear factor-κB (NF-κB). Because this factor has(More)
OBJECTIVE Awake craniotomy (AC) has seen an expanded role in brain tumor surgery over the past few decades. AC allows intraoperative cortical mapping and the continuous assessment of neurophysiological parameters, which are otherwise unattainable under general anesthesia (GA). The ability of AC to analyze eloquent brain areas makes it a powerful method for(More)
Glioblastoma multiforme (GBM) is the most common malignant adult brain tumor. Standard GBM treatment includes maximal safe surgical resection with combination radiotherapy and adjuvant temozolomide (TMZ) chemotherapy. Alarmingly, patient survival at five-years is below 10%. This is in part due to the invasive behavior of the tumor and the resulting(More)
Differentiating post radiation necrosis from progression of glioma and pseudoprogression poses a diagnostic conundrum for many clinicians. As radiation therapy and temozolomide chemotherapy have become the mainstay of treatment for higher-grade gliomas, radiation necrosis and post treatment changes such as pseudoprogression have become a more relevant(More)
PURPOSE The increased efficacy of cancer treatments has led to a greater survival rate of patients with pediatric brain cancers. Therefore, it is imperative to explore the long-term consequences of therapies employed to treat pediatric brain tumors. The goal of this study was to provide a review of literature regarding the downstream psychological and(More)
BACKGROUND Optimal postoperative management paradigm for brain metastases remains controversial. OBJECTIVE To conduct a systematic review of the literature to understand the role of postoperative stereotactic radiosurgery after resection of brain metastases. METHODS We performed a MEDLINE search of the literature to identify series of patients with(More)
OBJECT As endovascular techniques have become more advanced, preoperative embolization has become an increasingly used intervention in the management of meningiomas. To date, however, no consensus has been reached on the use of this technique. To clarify the role of preoperative embolization in the management of meningiomas, the authors conducted a(More)
BACKGROUND Although there have been significant advances in understanding the basic pathogenesis of glioblastoma multiforme, the median survival of patients has changed little in the past 25 years. Recent studies have suggested that immune modulation through dendritic cell (DC) vaccines may stimulate the immune system against tumor antigens and potentially(More)
BACKGROUND Malignant optic and chiasmatic gliomas are extremely rare, and are classified pathologically as anaplastic astrocytoma or glioblastoma multiforme (GBM). Approximately 40 cases of optic GBM in adults have been reported in the literature, and only five of them were described to originate from the optic chiasm. CASE DESCRIPTION An 82-year-old male(More)
Recently, 5-aminolevulinic acid (5-ALA) has been utilized as an adjuvant to the surgical resection of primary brain tumors and metastases. We conducted a systematic review of the literature to further understand the role of 5-ALA in neurosurgery. Our goal was to identify the utility of 5-ALA during resection by evaluating its sensitivity and specificity for(More)