Alyssa M. Howren

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The unilateral unaffected clubfoot has previously been used as a control in longitudinal studies of clubfoot outcomes. However, we have observed that the unaffected clubfoot does not necessarily exhibit the same pedobarographic measurements as seen in normal control subjects. The purpose of this study was to evaluate whether the unaffected foot is indeed(More)
BACKGROUND The manipulations, casts, and Botox(®) method for treating idiopathic clubfoot is an alternative non-surgical treatment method. Botox(®)-induced reversible muscle paralysis of the gastrocsoleus enables a physician to manipulate and cast the clubfoot in greater dorsiflexion. Ultrasound is incorporated during the early treatment stages to monitor(More)
BACKGROUND Pediatric indications for Onabotulinumtoxin A extend beyond treatment of skeletal muscle conditions. Each of the indications for Onabotulinumtoxin A use have adverse events reported in the past. The aim of this study was to review dverse events in children less than 2 years of age who were treated with Onabotulinumtoxin A injections as part of(More)
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