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We show by laser-assisted microdissection that frequent genetic alterations in non-hereditary invasive human colon and breast cancers (loss of heterozygosity and TP53 mutations) occur not only in the neoplastic epithelial cells, but also in the adjacent fibroblastic tumor stroma and that both components can share clonal features. Tumor cell-mesenchyme(More)
Genome-wide siRNA screens have identified host cell factors important for efficient HIV infection, among which are nuclear pore proteins such as RanBP2/Nup358 and the karyopherin Transportin-3/TNPO3. Analysis of the roles of these proteins in the HIV replication cycle suggested that correct trafficking through the pore may facilitate the subsequent(More)
Streptococcus pneumoniae and Haemophilus influenzae are members of the normal human nasal microbiota with the ability to cause invasive infections. Bacterial invasion requires translocation across the epithelium; however, mechanistic understanding of this process is limited. Examining the epithelial response to murine colonization by S. pneumoniae and H.(More)
Marked neovascularization and vascular endothelial proliferation are characteristic features of malignant gliomas. Vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF), an angiogenic protein secreted by glioma cells, appears to play a crucial role for induction of neoangiogenesis. The VEGF receptors fms-like tyrosine kinase-1 (Flt-1)/VEGFR-1 and kinase insert(More)
The aim of the present study was to find out whether increasing malignancy of prostate carcinoma correlates with an overall increase of loss of heterozygosity (LOH), and whether LOH typing of microdissected tumour areas can help to distinguish between multifocal or clonal tumour development. In 47 carcinomas analysed at 25 chromosomal loci, the overall LOH(More)
Viruses, including retroviruses like human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) and mouse mammary tumor virus (MMTV), are transmitted from mother to infants through milk. Lymphoid cells and antibodies are thought to provide mammary gland and milk-borne immunity. In contrast, little is known about the role of mammary epithelial cells (MECs). The APOBEC3 family of(More)
The Ets 1 transcription factor, the founder of the ets gene family of transcriptional regulators, has strongly been supposed to play a role in angiogenesis under both physiological and pathological conditions including tumor vascularization. An in vivo role has nevertheless not yet been proven. We therefore investigated whether an Ets 1 antisense(More)
While the neoplastic cells have always been in the center of interest in cancer research in recent years, more and more attention has been paid also to the tumor stroma which is today known to play an important role for tumor progression. In early days of histology the interpretation of stroma as either neoplastic or reactive was still a matter of(More)
The aim of the study was to investigate tumor suppressor genes (TSGs) which play a role in the pathogenesis of prostate cancer. Additionally, different prostate tumors were immunohistochemically related to their potential precursor cells, the basal cells and the glandular secretory epithelium, which differ in their hormone responsiveness. By(More)
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