Alwin D. R. Huitema

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Pharmacokinetic-pharmacodynamic modeling using non-linear mixed effects modeling (NONMEM) is a powerful yet challenging technique, as the software is generally accessed from the command line. A graphical user interface, Piraña, was developed that offers a complete modeling environment for NONMEM, enabling both novice and advanced users to increase(More)
BACKGROUND This analysis was initiated to define the predictive value of the area under the curve of high-dose methotrexate (AUC(HD-MTX)) in patients with primary central nervous system lymphoma (PCNSL). PATIENTS AND METHODS We included 55 patients with PCNSL and available pharmacokinetic (PK) data from the International Extranodal Lymphoma Study Group(More)
In population pharmacokinetic analyses, missing categorical data are often encountered. We evaluated several methods of performing covariate analyses with partially missing categorical covariate data. Missing data methods consisted of discarding data (DROP), additional effect parameter for the group with missing data (EXTRA), and mixture methods in which(More)
In cancer chemotherapy neutropenia is a common dose-limiting toxicity. An ability to predict the neutropenic effects of cytotoxic agents based on proposed trial designs and models conditioned on previous studies would be valuable. The aim of this study was to evaluate the ability of a semi-mechanistic pharmacokinetic/pharmacodynamic (PK/PD) model for(More)
We investigated whether the occurrence of veno-occlusive disease of the liver (VOD) may be associated with individual variations in the pharmacokinetics of high-dose cyclophosphamide. Patients received single or multiple courses of cyclophosphamide (1000 or 1500 mg m-2 day-1), thiotepa (80 or 120 mg m-2 day-1) and carboplatin (265-400 mg m-2 day-1) (CTC)(More)
BACKGROUND The phase I program of anticancer agents usually consists of multiple dose escalation studies to select a safe dose for various administration schedules. We hypothesized that pharmacokinetic and pharmacodynamic (PK-PD) modeling of an initial phase I study (stage 1) can be used for selection of an optimal starting dose for subsequent studies(More)
BACKGROUND The aim of this study was to evaluate long-term platinum retention in patients treated with cisplatin and oxaliplatin. METHODS 45 patients, treated 8-75 months before participating in this study, were included. Platinum levels in plasma and plasma ultrafiltrate (pUF) were determined. In addition, the reactivity of platinum species in pUF was(More)
BACKGROUND Plasma exposure of sunitinib shows large inter-individual variation. Therefore, a pharmacokinetic (PK) study was performed to determine safety and feasibility of sunitinib dosing based on PK levels. METHODS Patients were treated with sunitinib 37.5 mg once daily. At days 15 and 29 of treatment, plasma trough levels of sunitinib and N-desethyl(More)
Hypertension and proteinuria are commonly observed side-effects for anti-angiogenic drugs targeting the VEGF pathway. In most cases, hypertension can be controlled by prescription of anti-hypertensive (AH) therapy, while proteinuria often requires dose reductions or dose delays. We aimed to construct a pharmacokinetic-pharmacodynamic (PK-PD) model for(More)
INTRODUCTION Modeling and simulation of pharmacokinetics and pharmacodynamics has previously been shown to be potentially useful in designing Phase I programs of novel anti-cancer agents that show hematological toxicity. In this analysis, a two-stage model-based trial design was evaluated retrospectively using data from the Phase I program with the aurora(More)