Learn More
Pharmacokinetic-pharmacodynamic modeling using non-linear mixed effects modeling (NONMEM) is a powerful yet challenging technique, as the software is generally accessed from the command line. A graphical user interface, Piraña, was developed that offers a complete modeling environment for NONMEM, enabling both novice and advanced users to increase(More)
PURPOSE To enhance the systemic exposure to oral docetaxel by coadministration of ritonavir, an efficacious inhibitor of CYP 3A4 with minor P-glycoprotein inhibiting effects, in patients with cancer. EXPERIMENTAL DESIGN A proof-of-concept study was carried out in 12 patients with solid tumors. The first cohort of patients (n = 4) received 10 mg and the(More)
In cancer chemotherapy neutropenia is a common dose-limiting toxicity. An ability to predict the neutropenic effects of cytotoxic agents based on proposed trial designs and models conditioned on previous studies would be valuable. The aim of this study was to evaluate the ability of a semi-mechanistic pharmacokinetic/pharmacodynamic (PK/PD) model for(More)
We investigated whether the occurrence of veno-occlusive disease of the liver (VOD) may be associated with individual variations in the pharmacokinetics of high-dose cyclophosphamide. Patients received single or multiple courses of cyclophosphamide (1000 or 1500 mg m-2 day-1), thiotepa (80 or 120 mg m-2 day-1) and carboplatin (265-400 mg m-2 day-1) (CTC)(More)
BACKGROUND This analysis was initiated to define the predictive value of the area under the curve of high-dose methotrexate (AUC(HD-MTX)) in patients with primary central nervous system lymphoma (PCNSL). PATIENTS AND METHODS We included 55 patients with PCNSL and available pharmacokinetic (PK) data from the International Extranodal Lymphoma Study Group(More)
In population pharmacokinetic analyses, missing categorical data are often encountered. We evaluated several methods of performing covariate analyses with partially missing categorical covariate data. Missing data methods consisted of discarding data (DROP), additional effect parameter for the group with missing data (EXTRA), and mixture methods in which(More)
BACKGROUND The aim of this study was to evaluate long-term platinum retention in patients treated with cisplatin and oxaliplatin. METHODS 45 patients, treated 8-75 months before participating in this study, were included. Platinum levels in plasma and plasma ultrafiltrate (pUF) were determined. In addition, the reactivity of platinum species in pUF was(More)
BACKGROUND The phase I program of anticancer agents usually consists of multiple dose escalation studies to select a safe dose for various administration schedules. We hypothesized that pharmacokinetic and pharmacodynamic (PK-PD) modeling of an initial phase I study (stage 1) can be used for selection of an optimal starting dose for subsequent studies(More)
BACKGROUND High-dose chemotherapy in combination with peripheral blood progenitor cell transplantation is widely used in the treatment of several malignancies. The use of high-dose chemotherapy can be complicated by the occurrence of severe and sometimes life threatening toxicity. A wide interpatient variability in toxicity is encountered, which may be(More)
Paclitaxel is an important chemotherapeutic agent for breast cancer. Paclitaxel has high affinity for the P-glycoprotein (P-gp) (drug efflux pump) in the gastrointestinal tract causing low and variable oral bioavailability. Previously, we demonstrated that oral paclitaxel plus the P-gp inhibitor cyclosporin (CsA) is safe and results in adequate exposure to(More)