Alvin T. Yeh

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Multiphoton microscopy relies on nonlinear light-matter interactions to provide contrast and optical sectioning capability for high-resolution imaging. Most multiphoton microscopy studies in biological systems have relied on two-photon excited fluorescence (TPEF) to produce images. With increasing applications of multiphoton microscopy to thick-tissue(More)
Much is known about cerebral vasospasm, a devastating sequela to ruptured intracranial aneurysms, yet underlying mechanisms remain unclear and clinical treatments have proven unsatisfactory. We have hypothesised that biochemical stimuli associated with the formation of extravascular blood clots dominate early maladaptive responses, leading to marked(More)
The effects of combined photodynamic therapy (PDT) and ionizing radiation are studied in a human glioma spheroid model. The degree of interaction between the two modalities depends in a complex manner on factors such as PDT irradiation fluence, fluence rate and dose of ionizing radiation. It is shown that gamma radiation and PDT interact in a synergistic(More)
OBJECTIVE To assess the ability of nonlinear optical microscopy (NLOM) to image ex vivo healthy and degenerative bovine articular cartilage. METHOD Fresh bovine femoral-tibial joints were obtained from an abattoir. Articular cartilage specimens were harvested from the tibial plateau. Normal and degenerative specimens were imaged by NLOM and subsequently(More)
Laser thermal injury and subsequent wound healing in organotypic, skin-equivalent tissue models were monitored using optical coherence tomography (OCT), multiphoton microscopy (MPM), and histopathology. The in vitro skin-equivalent raft tissue model was composed of dermis with type I collagen and fibroblast cells and epidermis of differentiated(More)
The turbidity of most biologic tissues hinders the use of lasers for diagnostic and therapeutic purposes. Hyperosmotic agents such as glycerol have been used to alter the optical scattering properties of turbid tissues. The mechanism of this effect, "optical clearing", however, remains incompletely understood. Multiphoton microscopy utilizing second(More)
During photodynamic therapy (PDT) both normal and pathological brain tissue, in close proximity to the light source, can experience significant temperature increases. The purpose of this study was to investigate the anti-tumor effects of concurrent 5-aminolevulinic acid (ALA)-mediated PDT and hyperthermia (HT) in human and rat glioma spheroids. Human or rat(More)
A multiphoton microscope employing second-harmonic generation (SHG) and two-photon excited fluorescence (TPF) is used for high-resolution ex vivo imaging of rabbit cornea in a backscattering geometry. Endogenous TPF and SHG signals from corneal cells and extracellular matrix, respectively, are clearly visible without exogenous dyes. Spectral(More)
Many cell types produce, remodel, and degrade extracellular matrix in response to diverse stimuli, including mechanical loads. Much is known about the molecular biology and biochemistry of the deposition and degradation of collagen, the primary structural constituent of the extracellular matrix in many tissues, yet there has been little modeling of the(More)
Many investigators have engineered diverse connective tissues having good mechanical properties, yet few tools enable a global understanding of the associated formation of collagen fibers, the primary determinant of connective tissue stiffness. Toward this end, we developed a biomechanical model for collagenous tissues grown on polymer scaffolds that(More)