Alvin T. Onaka

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This study examines rates of low birth weight (LBW) in the state of Hawaii and changes in the association of LBW with socioeconomic status from 1970 to 1990. The analysis is based on aggregate data for census tracts. Rates of low birth weight were calculated for each census tract. Relative socioeconomic scores were calculated from average household income(More)
2 Acknowledgement We would like to acknowledge the adult residents of Hawaii who voluntarily participated in the HBRFSS. Without their participation this report as well as other studies derived from HBRFSS would not have been made possible. We would also like to thank staff at the Department of Health especially Dr. Alvin T. Onaka, Chief of Office of Health(More)
The present study addressed whether diabetes mellitus was a strong risk factor for cardiovascular disease (CVD) death. Between 1976 and 1984, 927 (404 men) Japanese-Americans in Hawaii aged 40-79 years participated at baseline examination including a 75 g oral glucose tolerance test. Diabetes was defined as fasting serum glucose >or=140 mg/dl, 2 h postload(More)
Objective:The objective of this study was to demonstrate the increasing importance of heart disease as a cause of pregnancy-related mortality in Hawaii and the rest of the United States.Study Design:Hawaii's Department of Public Health identified all pregnancy-associated death certificates from 1991 to 2007. Hospital records and autopsy reports were(More)
OBJECTIVE We examined differences among seven major ethnic groups in Hawaii in life expectancy at birth (e[0]) and mortality at broad age groups. METHODS We constructed life tables for 2000 for Caucasian, Chinese, Filipino, Hawaiian, Japanese, Korean, and Samoan ethnic groups in Hawaii. We partitioned overall mortality into broad age groups: <15(More)
In the United States, national health status data pertaining to Asian and Pacific Islander (API) Americans are rarely disaggregated. By aggregating API data, however, the poor health status of some API groups is often masked by the favorable health status of others. The purpose of this paper is two-fold: (1) to compare mortality rates of the five major(More)
Life expectancy in Hawaii is among the highest in the nation. Past research, however, found significant ethnic differences in longevity. This study presents life expectancy estimations for 1980 and 1990, along with ethnic differences in mortality rates for specific causes of death. The findings suggest that ethnic differences continue, with Chinese and(More)
Abstract It has long been recognized, on a theoretical level, that widowhood, divorce, and separation, if not immediately followed by re-marriage, could have a negative impact on fertility. Davis and Blake specifically identified the amount of reproductive time spent after or between unions as one of the eleven intermediate variables bearing immediately(More)