Alvin M. Malkinson

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Human adenocarcinoma (AC) is the most frequently diagnosed human lung cancer, and its absolute incidence is increasing dramatically. Compared to human lung AC, the A/J mouse-urethane model exhibits similar histological appearance and molecular changes. We examined the gene expression profiles of human and murine lung tissues (normal or AC) and compared the(More)
The enzyme DT-diaphorase (DTD; NAD(P)H:quinone oxidoreductase, EC 1.6.99.2), is an obligate two electron reductase which catalyzes reduction of a broad range of substrates, including quinones. We report here variations in DTD concentrations among different classes of lung tumors known also to vary in their responsiveness to cytotoxic agents. Small cell lung(More)
The paucity of premalignant material available for study makes it difficult to assign pathogenic roles to the myriad phenotypic abnormalities found in lung cancer. Chemically and transgenically induced primary lung tumors in mice, however, share many of the morphological, histogenic, and biochemical features of human adenocarcinoma. Genetic factors guide(More)
Clara cells were first described as a morphologically distinct cell type by Kolliker in 1881, but they take their name from the seminal study of human and rabbit bronchioles by Max Clara in 1937. Since their discovery, Clara cells have been identified as central players in protecting the airway from environmental exposures. The diverse functions of Clara(More)
Programmed cell death is an active process wherein the cell initiates a sequence of events culminating in the fragmentation of its DNA, nuclear collapse, and disintegration of the cell into small, membrane-bound apoptotic bodies. Examination of the death program in various models has shown common themes, including a rise in cytoplasmic calcium, cytoskeletal(More)
In the A/J strain of mice, urethane (ethyl carbamate) induces lung hyperplasia, adenoma, and adenocarcinoma in a time-dependent manner. These distinct morphological stages may correlate with sequential molecular genetic changes in this mouse model. To test this hypothesis, we investigated the presence of mutations involving Ki-ras and p53 in(More)
The reduced gap junctional intercellular communication (GJIC) and gap junction protein (connexin) expression that have been noted in many neoplastic cell types may contribute to the neoplastic phenotype. We assessed GJIC (by fluorescent dye micro-injection) and connexin expression (by Northern blotting, Western blotting and immunohistochemistry) in five(More)
Epidemiological investigations suggest that chronic lung inflammation increases lung cancer risk. Pharmacologic and genetic evidence in mouse models indicates that lipid mediators released during pulmonary inflammation enhance lung tumor formation. Cytosolic phospholipase A2 (cPLA2) catalyzes arachidonic acid (AA) release from membrane phospholipids. AA can(More)
In the present study, we used newly developed F(11) generation mouse advanced intercross lines (AIL) to fine map Pas1-3 quantitative trait loci (QTL). The (A/J x C57BL/6) F(11) AIL mouse population was created by crossing lung tumor-resistant C57BL/6 mice with lung tumor-susceptible A/J mice. By selectively genotyping 30% of the population, we have(More)
Primary lung tumors in mice have morphologic, histogenic, and molecular features similar to human lung adenocarcinoma, and in particular, the bronchiolo-alveolar carcinoma subtype. Because of this, and because of the genetic homology between man and mouse and the ease of genetic manipulations in mice, this model system is receiving intense research(More)