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The enzyme DT-diaphorase (DTD; NAD(P)H:quinone oxidoreductase, EC, is an obligate two electron reductase which catalyzes reduction of a broad range of substrates, including quinones. We report here variations in DTD concentrations among different classes of lung tumors known also to vary in their responsiveness to cytotoxic agents. Small cell lung(More)
Programmed cell death is an active process wherein the cell initiates a sequence of events culminating in the fragmentation of its DNA, nuclear collapse, and disintegration of the cell into small, membrane-bound apoptotic bodies. Examination of the death program in various models has shown common themes, including a rise in cytoplasmic calcium, cytoskeletal(More)
Human adenocarcinoma (AC) is the most frequently diagnosed human lung cancer, and its absolute incidence is increasing dramatically. Compared to human lung AC, the A/J mouse-urethane model exhibits similar histological appearance and molecular changes. We examined the gene expression profiles of human and murine lung tissues (normal or AC) and compared the(More)
Epidemiological investigations suggest that chronic lung inflammation increases lung cancer risk. Pharmacologic and genetic evidence in mouse models indicates that lipid mediators released during pulmonary inflammation enhance lung tumor formation. Cytosolic phospholipase A2 (cPLA2) catalyzes arachidonic acid (AA) release from membrane phospholipids. AA can(More)
In the A/J strain of mice, urethane (ethyl carbamate) induces lung hyperplasia, adenoma, and adenocarcinoma in a time-dependent manner. These distinct morphological stages may correlate with sequential molecular genetic changes in this mouse model. To test this hypothesis, we investigated the presence of mutations involving Ki-ras and p53 in(More)
Gap junctional intercellular communication (GJIC) and connexin expression are frequently decreased in neoplasia and may contribute to defective growth control and loss of differentiated functions. GJIC, in E9 mouse lung carcinoma cells and WB-aB1 neoplastic rat liver epithelial cells, was elevated by forced expression of the gap junction proteins,(More)
In the present study, we used newly developed F(11) generation mouse advanced intercross lines (AIL) to fine map Pas1-3 quantitative trait loci (QTL). The (A/J x C57BL/6) F(11) AIL mouse population was created by crossing lung tumor-resistant C57BL/6 mice with lung tumor-susceptible A/J mice. By selectively genotyping 30% of the population, we have(More)
The sulfone derivative of the non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drug (NSAID), sulindac, has been reported to inhibit mammary and colon tumor formation in rodent models of chemically-induced carcinogenesis. Unlike its parent compound, this metabolite lacks cyclo-oxygenase inhibitory activity. A tumor induction protocol, consisting of NNK administration in the(More)
Susceptibility to urethan-induced pulmonary tumorigenesis varies among inbred strains of mice. A genetic basis for this variation was sought using three strains with widely differing tumor multiplicities after urethan treatment. Twenty-one mice from each of strains A/J (high susceptibility), BALB/cByJ (intermediate susceptibility; hereafter called cBy), and(More)
In small mammals, partial pneumonectomy (PNX) elicits rapid hyperplastic compensatory growth of the remaining lung parenchyma to restore normal lung mass, structure, and function. In BALB mice subjected to PNX, compensatory lung growth is complete within 10 days. Because cellular hyperplasia contributes to the mechanism of tumor promotion by butylated(More)