Alvin M. Malkinson

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The reduced gap junctional intercellular communication (GJIC) and gap junction protein (connexin) expression that have been noted in many neoplastic cell types may contribute to the neoplastic phenotype. We assessed GJIC (by fluorescent dye micro-injection) and connexin expression (by Northern blotting, Western blotting and immunohistochemistry) in five(More)
Inducible nitric oxide synthase (iNOS) content is elevated in human lung adenocarcinomas, and lung cancer patients exhale more nitric oxide (NO) than healthy individuals. The mechanism of this association of chronically elevated NO with tumorigenesis has not been defined. We investigated the role of iNOS in murine lung tumorigenesis, a model of human lung(More)
In order to examine how tumorigenicity is abrogated by gap junctional intercellular communication (GJIC), protein expression was analyzed in four related mouse lung epithelial cell lines that vary in their GJIC status and neoplastic potential. Since alterations in protein expression underlie neoplastic behavior, this proteomic analysis provides insights(More)
The probability that a mouse develops a pulmonary tumor, as well as the structure of that tumor, are dependent on several genes. Three pulmonary adenoma susceptibility (pas) genes predispose some inbred strains to develop lung tumors, even in the absence of carcinogen exposure, and cause others to be resistant. One pas gene is K-ras, which may also be(More)
BACKGROUND Worldwide, lung cancer kills more people than breast, colon and prostate cancer combined. Alterations in macrophage number and function during lung tumorigenesis suggest that these immune effector cells stimulate lung cancer growth. Evidence from cancer models in other tissues suggests that cancer cells actively recruit growth factor-producing(More)
Studies using transgenic and knockout mice have demonstrated that particular cytokines influence lung tumor growth and identified prostaglandin E2 (PGE2), prostacyclin (PGI2) and nitric oxide (NO) as critical mediators of this process. PGE2 and NO were pro-tumorigenic while PGI2 was antitumorigenic. We describe herein an in vitro experimental approach to(More)
Chronic inflammation is a risk factor for lung cancer, and low-dose aspirin intake reduces lung cancer risk. However, the roles that specific inflammatory cells and their products play in lung carcinogenesis have yet to be fully elucidated. In mice, alveolar macrophage numbers increase as lung tumors progress, and pulmonary macrophage programing changes(More)
Three enzymes relevant to signal transduction were compared in replicating, quiescent and senescent human diploid fibroblasts (HDF). These were Ca(2+)-dependent thiol protease (calpain), cAMP-dependent protein kinase (Pk-A), and calcium/phospholipid-dependent protein kinase C (Pk-C). The amounts of these enzymes in quiescent HDF were slightly greater or the(More)