Alvin M. Malkinson

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Inhibition of cyclooxygenase (COX) activity decreases eicosanoid production and prevents lung cancer in animal models. Prostaglandin (PG) I(2) (PGI(2), prostacyclin) is a PGH(2) metabolite with anti-inflammatory, antiproliferative, and antimetastatic properties. The instability of PGI(2) has limited its evaluation in animal models of cancer. We hypothesized(More)
The reduced gap junctional intercellular communication (GJIC) and gap junction protein (connexin) expression that have been noted in many neoplastic cell types may contribute to the neoplastic phenotype. We assessed GJIC (by fluorescent dye micro-injection) and connexin expression (by Northern blotting, Western blotting and immunohistochemistry) in five(More)
Inducible nitric oxide synthase (iNOS) content is elevated in human lung adenocarcinomas, and lung cancer patients exhale more nitric oxide (NO) than healthy individuals. The mechanism of this association of chronically elevated NO with tumorigenesis has not been defined. We investigated the role of iNOS in murine lung tumorigenesis, a model of human lung(More)
Cyclooxygenase (COX) enzyme expression is elevated in human and rodent lung tumors, and non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) such as indomethacin reduce lung tumor formation in mice. These observations, along with the well-characterized protection that NSAID treatment engenders for colon cancer, have prompted clinical trials testing whether(More)
Activating mutations in Ras oncoproteins represent attractive targets for cancer immunotherapy, but few vectors capable of generating immune responses required for tumor killing without vector neutralization have been described. Whole recombinant yeast heterologously expressing mammalian mutant Ras proteins were used to immunize mice in a carcinogen-induced(More)
One area of intensive investigation is to understand complex cellular and signaling interactions in the tumor microenvironment. Using a novel, although straightforward, microarray approach, we defined a gene expression signature from the lung tumor microenvironment in the murine A/J-urethane model of human lung adenocarcinoma. The tumor microenvironment is(More)
In order to examine how tumorigenicity is abrogated by gap junctional intercellular communication (GJIC), protein expression was analyzed in four related mouse lung epithelial cell lines that vary in their GJIC status and neoplastic potential. Since alterations in protein expression underlie neoplastic behavior, this proteomic analysis provides insights(More)
BACKGROUND Worldwide, lung cancer kills more people than breast, colon and prostate cancer combined. Alterations in macrophage number and function during lung tumorigenesis suggest that these immune effector cells stimulate lung cancer growth. Evidence from cancer models in other tissues suggests that cancer cells actively recruit growth factor-producing(More)
The probability that a mouse develops a pulmonary tumor, as well as the structure of that tumor, are dependent on several genes. Three pulmonary adenoma susceptibility (pas) genes predispose some inbred strains to develop lung tumors, even in the absence of carcinogen exposure, and cause others to be resistant. One pas gene is K-ras, which may also be(More)