Alvin J. Cox

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The organization of collagen in the supraspinous, interspinous, and longitudinal ligaments, as well as the ligamenta flava, in lumbar spines from human cadavers has been investigated by polarized light microscopy, scanning electron microscopy, and x-ray diffraction. These experiments were performed on ligaments in situ, with their bony attachments(More)
Struvite and hydroxyapatite were precipitated from artificial urine onto the surfaces of catheter materials by the controlled addition of urease. They were precipitated both together and separately (by omitting components of the artificial urine), and with and without the inclusion of albumin (which was intended to mimic the proteinaceous debris found in(More)
The surfaces of 32 encrusted urinary catheters were examined by scanning electron microscopy to investigate the association of bacteria with the encrusting deposits. Deposits consisted of struvite crystals surrounded by aggregates of very small crystallites of hydroxyapatite. Underneath these minerals there was a layer of closely packed bacteria.(More)
At ten t ion has been called to the development of a va r ie ty of tumors in ra ts and mice af ter the admin i s t r a t ion of 2-acetaminofluorene by mouth (2, 11). Species differences in susceptibi l i ty and in dis t r ibut ion of prol iferat ive lesions have been noted (1, 12), bu t animals of a single s t rain have shown fair ly consistent deve lopment(More)
Mid-shaft specimens were cut from latex catheters coated with a modified hydrogel, latex catheters coated with silicone elastomer, and 100% silicone catheters. These specimens were subjected to controlled in vitro encrustation conditions. During a test period of 11 weeks, there was no significant difference in the quantities of encrusting deposits formed on(More)
The surface morphologies of different generic types of Foley catheter have been investigated using scanning electron microscopy (SEM). The characteristic features of each material are illustrated and it is shown that distinct differences exist between the inner and outer surfaces of latex-based catheters; these differences are attributed to the methods of(More)
Encrusted catheters from nine female patients were the source of samples of deposits which were examined by X-ray diffraction, atomic absorption spectroscopy, infra-red spectroscopy and extended X-ray absorption fine structure (EXAFS) spectroscopy. In eight samples the only crystalline phase which could be clearly distinguished by X-ray diffraction was(More)