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Hereditary angioedema (HAE), a rare but life-threatening condition, manifests as acute attacks of facial, laryngeal, genital, or peripheral swelling or abdominal pain secondary to intra-abdominal edema. Resulting from mutations affecting C1 esterase inhibitor (C1-INH), inhibitor of the first complement system component, attacks are not histamine-mediated(More)
Heterozygosity for C1 inhibitor (C1INH) deficiency results in hereditary angioedema. Disruption of the C1INH gene by gene trapping enabled the generation of homozygous- and heterozygous-deficient mice. Mating of heterozygous-deficient mice resulted in the expected 1:2:1 ratio of wild-type, heterozygous, and homozygous-deficient offspring. C1INH-deficient(More)
C1 inhibitor deficiency (hereditary angioedema [HAE]) is a rare disorder for which there is a lack of consensus concerning diagnosis, therapy, and management, particularly in Canada. European initiatives have driven the approach to managing HAE with 3 C1-INH Deficiency Workshops held every 2 years in Hungary starting in 1999, with the third Workshop having(More)
IFN-gamma induction of C1 inhibitor (C1INH) is mediated by an IFN-gamma-activated sequence (GAS), via binding of signal transducer and activator of transcription 1 (STAT1). These studies focused on the factors responsible for down-regulation of nuclear STAT1 in hepatocytes, the primary site of synthesis of C1INH. The activity of nuclear STAT1 following(More)
C1 inhibitor (C1INH) is beneficial in animal models of endotoxemia and sepsis. However, the mechanism(s) of C1INH protection remain(s) ill-defined. In this study, we demonstrated that both active C1INH and reactive center-cleaved, inactive C1INH protected mice from lethal Gram-negative endotoxemia. Both forms of C1INH blocked the LPS-binding(More)
C1 inhibitor (C1INH) prevents endotoxin shock in mice via a direct interaction with lipopolysaccharide (LPS). This interaction requires the heavily glycosylated amino-terminal domain of C1INH. C1INH in which N-linked carbohydrate was removed by using N-glycosidase F was markedly less effective in protecting mice from LPS-induced lethal septic shock.(More)
Mutations that cause low antigenic and functional levels of C1 inhibitor protein result in type 1 hereditary angioneurotic edema. This disease is characterized by episodic edema leading to considerable morbidity and sometimes death. We present here two novel mutations in the reactive center coding region. One mutation is a deletion of an imperfect(More)
During intestinal vitamin A absorption, retinol is esterified by long-chain fatty acids and secreted in chylomicron particles. Stable transfectants of the human intestinal Caco-2 cell line overexpressing cellular retinol binding protein II (CRBP II) or coexpressing CRBP II and CRBP were established to study their role in intestinal vitamin A trafficking.(More)
Plasma C1 inhibitor (C1INH) is a natural inhibitor of complement and contact system proteases. Heterozygosity for C1INH deficiency results in hereditary angioedema, which is mediated by bradykinin. Treatment with plasma C1INH is effective not only in patients with hereditary angioedema, but also in a variety of other disease models, in which such therapy is(More)
C1 inhibitor (C1INH) is a serpin that regulates both complement and contact (kallikrein-kinin) system activation. It consists of a serpin domain that is highly homologous to other serpins and an amino terminal non-serpin mucin-like domain. Deficiency of C1INH results in hereditary angioedema, a disease characterised by episodes of angioedema of the skin or(More)