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Peptide YY (3-36) [PYY (3-36)] is postulated to act as a hormonal signal from the gut to the brain to inhibit food intake and gastric emptying. A mixed-nutrient meal produces a prolonged 2-3 h increase in plasma levels of both PYY (3-36) and PYY (1-36). We determined the dose-dependent effects of 3-h iv infusions of PYY (3-36) and PYY (1-36) (0.5-50(More)
The gut hormone peptide YY(3-36) [PYY(3-36)] decreases food intake when administered by intravenous infusion to lean and obese humans and rats. Whether chronic administration of PYY(3-36) produces a sustained reduction in food intake and adiposity is the subject of intense debate. Batterham et al. (R. L. Batterham, M. A. Cowley, C. J. Small, H. Herzog, M.(More)
We used a conditioned taste aversion test to assess whether PYY(3-36) reduces food intake by producing malaise. Two-hour IV infusion of PYY(3-36) (8, 15, and 30 pmol/kg/min) at dark onset in non-food-deprived rats produced a dose-dependent inhibition of feeding and a conditioned aversion to the flavored chow paired with PYY(3-36) infusion. In food-deprived(More)
Peptide YY (3-36) [PYY(3-36)] inhibits feeding in rodents, nonhuman primates and humans, yet the neural circuits underlying this action remain to be determined. Here we assessed whether PYY(3-36) inhibits feeding by activating neurons in forebrain and hindbrain sites containing Y2 receptors and linked to control of food intake, or in hindbrain sites(More)
Amylin is postulated to act as a hormonal signal from the pancreas to the brain to inhibit food intake and regulate energy reserves. Amylin potently reduces food intake, body weight, and adiposity when administered systemically or into the brain. Whether selective blockade of endogenous amylin action increases food intake and adiposity remains to be clearly(More)
The gut hormone peptide YY(3-36)-amide [PYY(3-36)-NH(2)] is significantly more potent than PYY(1-36)-NH(2) in reducing food intake in rats and humans. Other Gly-extended and Ser(13)-phosphorylated PYY forms have been detected or predicted based upon known cellular processes of PYY synthesis and modification. Here we compared the effects of 3-h IV infusion(More)
We purified and identified the peptide YY (PYY) forms present and determined their levels from a portion of the canine ileum directly adjacent to the cecum by a new extraction method designed to prevent and evaluate degradation of endogenous peptides. We used three reverse phase chromatography steps with radioimmunoassay of fractions for(More)
Cholecystokinin (CCK)-induced suppression of feeding is mediated by vagal sensory neurons that are destroyed by the neurotoxin capsaicin (CAP). Here we determined whether CAP-sensitive neurons mediate anorexic responses to intravenous infusions of gut hormones peptide YY-(3-36) [PYY-(3-36)] and glucagon-like peptide-1 (GLP-1). Rats received three(More)
Glucagon-like peptide-1 (GLP-1), peptide YY (3-36) [PYY(3-36)], amylin, ghrelin, insulin, and leptin are thought to act as hormonal signals from periphery to brain to control food intake. Here, we determined the effects of solid-phase extraction of plasma in measuring these hormones in blood of lean and diet-induced obese rats. Individual enzyme-linked(More)
We measured molecular forms of PYY in the distal half of rat small intestine using a new method for tissue extraction, three sequential reverse phase chromatography steps, and PYY radioimmunoassay and mass spectrometry to measure their levels. The extraction method called RAPID, developed to minimize artifactual degradation of PYY during tissue extraction(More)
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