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Dust samples from rainfall residues have been collected in southeast Italy (40 • 20 N, 18 • 6 E) during dust outbreaks occurred from April to June 2002 to characterize morphological and elemental particle composition by different techniques, and investigate the dependence of particle properties on source regions. Four-day analytical back tra-5 jectories and(More)
Photonic crystals have proven their potential and are nowadays a familiar concept. They have been approached from many scientific and technological flanks. Among the many techniques devised to implement this technology self-assembly has always been one of great popularity surely due to its ease of access and the richness of results offered. Self-assembly is(More)
In this work, we present a study of the typical spontaneous defects present in self-assembled colloidal monolayers grown from polystyrene and silica microspheres. The quality of two-dimensional crystals from different colloidal suspensions of beads around 1 μm in diameter has been studied qualitatively and quantitatively, evaluated in 2D hexagonal arrays at(More)
Here we show the suitability of nanoindentation to study in detail the micromechanical response of silica colloidal crystals (CCs). The sensitivity to displacements smaller than the submicrometer spheres size, even resolving discrete events and superficial features, revealed particulate features with analogies to atomic crystals. Significant robustness,(More)
Mediterranean forests are vulnerable to numerous threats including wildfires due to a combination of climatic factors and increased urbanization. In addition, increased temperatures and summer drought lead to increased risk of forest fires as a result of climate change. This may have important consequences for C dynamics and balance in these ecosystems.(More)
Some characteristics of silica--based structures-like the photonic properties of artificial opals formed by silica spheres--can be greatly affected by the presence of adsorbed water. The reversible modification of the water content of an opal is investigated here by moderate heating (below 300 °C) and measuring in situ the changes in the photonic bandgap.(More)
Intensity fluctuations in lasers are commonly studied above threshold in some special configurations (especially when emission is fed back into the cavity or when two lasers are coupled) and related with their chaotic behaviour. Similar fluctuating instabilities are usually observed in random lasers, which are open systems with plenty of quasi-modes whose(More)
Silica opals are used as templates where CdS is infiltrated with the aim to build inverse structures with enhanced photonic band gap properties. A control on the degree of infiltration, from 0% to 100%, is attained. The band gap at L is studied finding that the width decreases and then recovers as a function of CdS infilling ͑from bare opal to fully loaded(More)
Solid colloidal ensembles inherently contain water adsorbed from the ambient moisture. This water, confined in the porous network formed by the building submicron spheres, greatly affects the ensemble properties. Inversely, one can benefit from such influence on collective features to explore the water behavior in such nanoconfinements. Recently, novel(More)