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Tor Jansson (torj@iadb.org) is a microfinance specialist in the Micro, Small and Medium Enterprise Division. The author recognizes the valuable comments and suggestions made The views and opinions expressed herein are those of the author and do not necessarily represent the official position of the Inter-American Development Bank. Foreword This paper(More)
BACKGROUND Dengue virus (DENV) is a member of the genus Flavivirus of the family Flaviviridae. DENV are comprised of four distinct serotypes (DENV-1 through DENV-4) and each serotype can be divided in different genotypes. Currently, there is a dramatic emergence of DENV-3 genotype III in Latin America. Nevertheless, we still have an incomplete understanding(More)
Mark Wenner is Senior Financial Specialist in the Rural Development Unit. Sergio Navajas is Microenterprise Specialist in the Micro, Small and Medium Enterprise Division. Carolina Trivelli and Álvaro Tarazona are researchers at the Institute for Peruvian Studies (IEP) in Lima, Peru. The authors are grateful for the valuable comments received from Juan(More)
Several models have been presented to evaluate flow rates in pedestrian dynamics, yet very few focus on the calculation of the stress experienced by pedestrians under high density. With this aim, a pedestrian dynamics model is implemented to calculate the stress developed under crowd conditions. The model is based on an extension of a granular dynamics(More)
Early diagnosis of dengue virus (DENV) infection represents a key factor in preventing clinical complications attributed to the disease. The aim of this study was to evaluate the amplification efficiencies of an in-house quantitative real time-PCR (qPCR) assay of DENV, using the non-structural conserved genomic region protein-5 (NS5) versus two genomic(More)
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