Alvaro Piñero

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A large-scale investigation on Coxiella burnetii was carried out in dairy cattle herds from a Q fever-endemic region to evaluate the degree of exposure to C. burnetii and to estimate prevalences. This study included all of the dairy cattle herds from the province of Bizkaia, Northern Spain (n=178). Herds were visited between September 2009 and February(More)
BACKGROUND Information on the genotypic diversity of Coxiella burnetii isolates from infected domestic ruminants in Spain is limited. The aim of this study was to identify the C. burnetii genotypes infecting livestock in Northern Spain and compare them to other European genotypes. A commercial real-time PCR targeting the IS1111a insertion element was used(More)
This study aimed to evaluate changes in the epidemiological status of Coxiella burnetii in dairy cattle herds to better understand the epidemiology of the infection and to predict its evolution. Bulk-tank milk (BTM) and serum samples were collected from 94 dairy cattle herds and analyzed by ELISA (BTM and sera) and PCR (BTM) in study 1 (S1). Two years later(More)
The genetic diversity of Coxiella burnetii from 36 dairy cattle herds was determined by Multiple-Locus Variable number tandem repeats Analysis (MLVA), and genotypes from different sources (bulk-tank milk - BTM and surface dust) and sampling time (2009/10 and 2011/12) were compared. A total of 15 different genotypes were identified from 60 BTM and seven dust(More)
BACKGROUND The high prevalence of Coxiella burnetii infection in dairy cattle herds recently reported and the long survival time of the bacterium in the environment pose a risk to human and animal health that calls for the implementation of control measures at herd level. This study presents the results of a 2-year vaccination program with an inactivated(More)
The aim of this work was to investigate the possible influence of the recently described CT60 A/G dimorphism of the CTLA4 (cytotoxic T-lymphocyte an-tigen 4) gene in the susceptibility to two different auto-immune inflammatory intestinal disorders, inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) and celiac disease. We analyzed a case-control cohort composed of 528 Spanish(More)
Bulk-tank milk (BTM) samples are frequently used to evaluate the health status of dairy livestock. A large-scale investigation carried out in BTM samples from dairy cattle herds from a Q fever-endemic region in Northern Spain revealed a high degree of exposure to Coxiella burnetii. This study was aimed at assessing the value of BTM samples analysis as an(More)
An outbreak of Q fever occurred in February-April 2014 among workers at a waste-sorting plant in Bilbao (Spain). The outbreak affected 58.5% of investigated employees, 47.2% as confirmed cases (PCR and/or serology) and 11.3% as probable cases (symptoms without laboratory confirmation). Only employees who had no-access to the waste processing areas of the(More)
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