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The objective of this work is to analyze the causes of lumbar discomfort while sitting on a chair, by analyzing the relationship of lumbar curvature, pelvic inclination and their mobilities with discomfort. An experiment has been performed with healthy subjects, in which comfort, postural and mobility parameters have been measured. Their relationship has(More)
This paper presents an inexpensive and simple system to measure the way of use of the backrest. The system can be also used in field studies. It is based on a set of electrodes which, attached to the subject's back and the backrest, allows the contact area to be measured. A laboratory test was performed to validate the system. In the test the spontaneous(More)
This paper presents an application of functional principal component analysis (FPCA) to describe the inter-subject variability of multiple waveforms. This technique was applied to the study of sit-to-stand movement in two groups of people, osteoarthritic patients and healthy subjects. Although STS movement has not been extensively applied to the study of(More)
Functional data analysis techniques provide an alternative way of representing movement and movement variability as a function of time. In particular, the registration of functional data provides a local normalization of time functions. This normalization transforms a set of curves, records of repeated trials, yielding a new set of curves that only vary in(More)
This work describes the kinematic laws that govern the transmission of soft tissue artifact errors to kinematic variables in the analysis of human movements. Artifacts are described as relative translations and rotations of the marker cluster over the bone, and a set of explicit expressions is defined to account for the effect of that relative motion on(More)
This paper presents a mathematical model for the propagation of errors in body segment kinematics to the location of the center of rotation. Three functional calibration techniques, usually employed for the gleno-humeral joint, are studied: the methods based on the pivot of the instantaneous helical axis (PIHA) or the finite helical axis (PFHA), and the(More)
OBJECTIVE To describe and validate a system to record the lumbar curvature, specially designed for the ergonomic evaluation of chairs. DESIGN The technique consists of a flexible goniometer and requires a model of lumbar flexion (relationship between length and angle). BACKGROUND Most of the techniques do not allow using the backrest of the chair or do(More)
This paper presents a new, simple model to evaluate the instrumental random errors in kinematic analysis of human movements using stereophotogrammetry. By means of equations analogous to that relate linear or angular momentum with linear or angular velocities, a direct measurement of instantaneous motion can be made without previous finite displacement(More)
This paper presents a model for determining the path of the instantaneous helical axis (IHA) that optimally represents human planar motions with one functional degree of freedom (fDOF). A human movement is said to have one fDOF when all degrees of freedom (DOFs) are coordinated such that all the kinematic variables can be expressed, across movement(More)
This paper proposes a kinematic approach for describing soft tissue artifacts (STA) in human movement analysis. Artifacts are represented as the field of relative displacements of markers with respect to the bone. This field has two components: deformation component (symmetric field) and rigid motion (skew-symmetric field). Only the skew-symmetric component(More)