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Communication support is a serious limitation for Latin American firefighters when they deal with emergency situations. The insufficient number of radio channels and the impossibility to deliver digital information force firemen to improvise during response processes, e.g., to make decisions using their experience and poor or null supporting information.(More)
One of the problems affecting fire departments in Latin America is the lack of a strong infrastructure to overcome their communication problems. Because these organizations are mainly volunteer and receive minimal support from government agencies, most existing solutions are not applicable for them. This article presents a low-cost mobile groupware(More)
The lack of communication channels and support information can make the critical search and rescue of survivors after a disaster an ineffective process resulting in losses. This work addresses this problem by proposing a simple and portable command post application based on mobile devices and ad-hoc networks. The application provides support to(More)
Growing population and service interconnection make urban areas increasingly vulnerable to emergency situations. Although the firefighting response process plays a key role in most urban emergencies, it has remained essentially unchanged in the past decades; therefore it has several limitations to coordinate effective and efficient response activities. This(More)
The Internet of Things (IoT) has inspired solutions that are already available for addressing problems in various application scenarios, such as healthcare, security, emergency support and tourism. However, there is no clear approach to modeling these systems and envisioning their capabilities at the design time. Therefore, the process of designing these(More)
A firefighter Incident Commander (IC) is responsible for organizing, coordinating and making decisions in most urban emergencies, such as fires and car crashes. The lack of supporting information and the limitations of the radio systems push the IC to make decisions with little or no information; therefore his actions tend to be improvisations. This article(More)
The recent growth of social networking and sensing applications has enabled people to perform crowd computing. In turn, this activity has opened several opportunities to address people's needs in various application areas, such as tourism, security, entertainment and emergency response. However, the design of these applications has also brought several(More)
Firefighters are responsible for dealing with several types of urban emergencies, such as fires, car crashes and explosions. The participants in an emergency response process require shared information to make effective, on-time decisions, and to coordinate their activities. The information sharing process is currently performed using message exchange(More)