Alvaro León

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BACKGROUND Emergence delirium in the post-anaesthesia care unit (PACU) is poorly understood. The goal of this prospective study was to determine frequency and risk factors of emergence delirium in adults after general anaesthesia. METHODS In this prospective study, 1,359 consecutive patients were included. Contextual risk factors and occurrence of(More)
OBJECTIVE To define the most effective treatment for severe polyarteritis nodosa (PAN) and Churg-Strauss syndrome (CSS) and to investigate the indication for plasma exchange treatment. METHODS We conducted a prospective, randomized, multicenter trial in which 62 patients were randomly assigned to receive either prednisone plus cyclophosphamide(More)
PURPOSE To analyze clinical outcome and significant prognostic factors for overall (OS) and time to treatment failure (TTF) in a group of 494 patients with Hodgkin's disease (HD) undergoing autologous stem-cell transplantation (ASCT). PATIENTS AND METHODS Detailed records from the Grupo Español de Linfomas/Transplante Autólogo de Médula Osea Spanish(More)
DNA polymerase delta, the key enzyme for eukaryotic chromosomal replication, has been well characterized as consisting of a core enzyme of a 125 kDa catalytic subunit and a smaller 50 kDa subunit. However, less is known about the other proteins that may comprise additional subunits or participate in the macromolecular protein complex that is involved in(More)
Comparative studies of Candida albicans strains are essential for proving cross-infections in epidemiological investigations. Typing of C. albicans strains is mainly based on genotypic methods. Fourier-transform infrared (FTIR) spectroscopy is described in this study as a novel phenotypic approach to the typing of C. albicans. The first step in the approach(More)
Extracorporeal photochemotherapy (ECP) consists of collection of mononuclear cells, their irradiation with UV-A light in the presence of a photoactivable molecule--8-methoxy-psoralen (8-MOP) being the most widely used--and their reinjection into a patient. Two technical approaches have been developed. The photopheresis procedure involves four steps: (i)(More)
Diaphragmatic function was investigated in mechanically ventilated rats during endotoxic shock (group E, n = 18) and after saline solution injection (group C, n = 8). Endotoxic shock was produced by a 1-min injection of Escherichia coli endotoxin (10 mg/kg iv) suspended in saline. Diaphragmatic strength was assessed before (T0) and 15 (T15) and 60 (T60) min(More)
OBJECTIVE To define the most effective treatment for polyarteritis nodosa (PAN) and Churg-Strauss syndrome (CSS). METHODS We conducted a prospective, randomized, multicenter trial in which 78 patients were randomly assigned to receive either prednisone and plasma exchange (group A; n = 36) or prednisone alone (group B; n = 42) as first-line treatment of(More)
BACKGROUND T-cell immunophenotype constitutes an unfavorable prognostic factor in aggressive non-Hodgkin's lymphomas. High-dose chemotherapy with autologous stem-cell rescue (HDC/ASCT) is the best salvage therapy for patients with aggressive B-cell lymphomas. However, results with this therapy in peripheral T-cell lymphoma (PTCL) are not well defined. (More)
In the present paper, we evaluate tolerability, outcome and prognostic factors in patients with poor prognosis non-Hodgkin's lymphoma (NHL) and Hodgkin's disease (HD) when uniformly treated with BCNU, etoposide, cytarabine and melphalan (BEAM) and autologous stem cell transplant (ASCT). On hundred and forty-eight patients with NHL (n = 112) or HD (n = 36)(More)