Alvaro I Herrera

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Fowlicidins are a group of newly identified chicken cathelicidin host defense peptides. We have shown that the putatively mature fowlicidin-2 of 31 amino acid residues possesses potent antibacterial and lipopolysaccharide (LPS)- neutralizing activities, but with a noticeable toxicity to mammalian cells. As a first step in exploring the structure-activity(More)
Lignin provides structural support, a mechanical barrier against microbial infestation and facilitates movement of water inside plant systems. It is the second most abundant natural polymer in the terrestrial environments and possesses unique routes for the production of bulk and specialty chemicals with aromatic/phenolic skeletons. The commercial(More)
Peptide-based hydrogels are attractive biological materials. Study of their self-assembly pathways from their monomer structures is important not only for undertaking the rational design of peptide-based materials, but also for understanding their biological functions and the mechanism of many human diseases relative to protein aggregation. In this work, we(More)
Branched amphiphilic peptide capsules (BAPCs) are biocompatible, bilayer delimited polycationic nanospheres that spontaneously form at room temperature through the coassembly of two amphiphilic branched peptides: bis(FLIVI)-K-K4 and bis(FLIVIGSII)-K-K4. BAPCs are readily taken up by cells in culture, where they escape and/or evade the endocytic pathway and(More)
The pathogenic bacterium Staphylococcus aureus has evolved to actively evade many aspects of the human innate immune system by expressing a series of secreted inhibitory proteins. Among these, the extracellular adherence protein (Eap) has been shown to inhibit the classical and lectin pathways of the complement system. By binding to complement component(More)
Membrane interacting peptides of natural or synthetic origins serve a variety of biological purposes. They have been extensively studied for their involvement in immunity, diseases, and for their potential as medical therapeutics and research tools. In this review membrane interacting peptides are categorized into four groups according to their function:(More)
Protein nanomaterials at the peptide level have shown great potential for medical applications. Peptides change their morphological conformation because of changes in self-assembly properties when they are exposed to changes in solvent composition or pH. Two 15-residue peptide sequences, KhK (KKKFLIVIGSIIKKK) and Alternating Kh (KFLKKIVKIGKKSII), were(More)
Synthetic channel-forming peptides that can restore chloride conductance across epithelial membranes could provide a novel treatment of channelopathies such as cystic fibrosis. Among a series of 22-residue peptides derived from the second transmembrane segment of the glycine receptor alpha(1)-subunit (M2GlyR), p22-S22W (KKKKP ARVGL GITTV LTMTT QW) is(More)
Manduca sexta stress response peptide-2 (SRP2) is predicted to be a 25-residue peptide (FGVKDGKCPSGRVRRLGICVPDDDY), which may function as an insect cytokine to regulate immune responses. Produced as an inactive precursor, endogenous proSRP2 is probably converted to active SRP2 by limited proteolysis in response to invading pathogens, along with(More)
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