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Angiotensin II (Ang II) inhibits the cardiac sarcolemmal Na(+)-K(+) pump via protein kinase (PK)C-dependent activation of NADPH oxidase. We examined whether this is mediated by oxidative modification of the pump subunits. We detected glutathionylation of beta(1), but not alpha(1), subunits in rabbit ventricular myocytes at baseline. beta(1) Subunit(More)
By the time it was appreciated that the positive inotropic effect of cardiac glycosides is due to inhibition of the membrane Na(+)-K(+) pump, glycosides had been used for treatment of heart failure on an empiric basis for ~200 years. The subsequent documentation of their lack of clinical efficacy and possible harmful effect largely coincided with the(More)
BACKGROUND inhibition of L-type Ca(2+) current contributes to negative inotropy of β(3) adrenergic receptor (β(3) AR) activation, but effects on other determinants of excitation-contraction coupling are not known. Of these, the Na(+)-K(+) pump is of particular interest because of adverse effects attributed to high cardiac myocyte Na(+) levels and(More)
Defining the gonadal effects of FSH distinct from those of LH remains difficult. We have characterized and compared the level of Sertoli and germ cell development in three mouse models recently created to isolate FSH activity from LH effects. Two models used LH-deficient hypogonadal (hpg) mice to selectively study either pituitary-independent transgenic(More)
Nitric oxide (NO) affects the membrane Na(+)-K(+) pump in a tissue-dependent manner. Stimulation of intrinsic pump activity, stimulation secondary to NO-induced Na(+) influx into cells or inhibition has been reported. We used the whole-cell patch clamp technique to measure electrogenic Na(+)-K(+) pump current (I(p)) in rabbit ventricular myocytes. Myocytes(More)
The first activating mutation of the FSH receptor (FSHR*D567G) was identified in a gonadotropin-deficient hypophysectomized man who exhibited persistent spermatogenesis and fertility with only androgen replacement. We have determined the ability of FSHR* activity to maintain spermatogenesis and/or steroidogenesis during gonadotropin and androgen deprivation(More)
The sarcolemmal Na(+)-K(+) pump, pivotal in cardiac myocyte function, is inhibited by angiotensin II (ANG II). Since ANG II activates NADPH oxidase, we tested the hypothesis that NADPH oxidase mediates the pump inhibition. Exposure to 100 nmol/l ANG II increased superoxide-sensitive fluorescence of isolated rabbit ventricular myocytes. The increase was(More)
Glutathionylation of the Na(+)-K(+) pump's β1-subunit is a key molecular mechanism of physiological and pathophysiological pump inhibition in cardiac myocytes. Its contribution to Na(+)-K(+) pump regulation in other tissues is unknown, and cannot be assumed given the dependence on specific β-subunit isoform expression and receptor-coupled pathways. As(More)
BACKGROUND Glutathionylation of endothelial nitric oxide synthase (eNOS) "uncouples" the enzyme, switching its function from nitric oxide (NO) to O2(•-) generation. We examined whether this reversible redox modification plays a role in angiotensin II (Ang II)-induced endothelial dysfunction. METHODS AND RESULTS Ang II increased eNOS glutathionylation in(More)