Alvaro Caballero

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A model of mutation-selection-drift balance incorporating pleiotropic and dominance effects of new mutations on quantitative traits and fitness is investigated and used to predict the amount and nature of genetic variation maintained in segregating populations. The model is based on recent information on the joint distribution of mutant effects on bristle(More)
Inconsistencies between equations for the effective population size of populations with separate sexes obtained by two different approaches are explained. One approach, which is the most common in the literature, is based on the assumption that the sex of the progeny cannot be identified. The second approach incorporates identification of the sexes of both(More)
The phenomenon that the genetic variance of fitness components increase following a bottleneck or inbreeding is supported by a growing number of experiments and is explained theoretically by either dominance or epistasis. In this article, diffusion approximations under the infinite sites model are used to quantify the effect of dominance, using data on(More)
Diffusion methods were used to investigate the fixation probability, average time until fixation and extinction, and cumulative heterozygosity and genetic variance for single mutant genes in finite populations with partial inbreeding. The critical parameters in the approximation are the coefficient of inbreeding due to nonrandom mating (F) and the effective(More)
T HE dominance of genes controlling fitness components and other quantitative characters is important for theoretical predictions concerning the maintenance of genetic variability (see e.&, CABALLERO and KEIGHTLEY 1994). Consider, for instance, mutation selection balance at a diallelic autosomal locus with mutation rate p to the deleterious allele and(More)
Experimental data on the rate of response to artificial selection in initially inbred lines or the rate of divergence among inbred sublines can be used to estimate the rate of increase in variance of quantitative traits from new mutations. So far estimates have been based on the infinitesimal model of many genes with small additive effects which imply a(More)
We investigate the sources of bias that affect the most commonly used methods of estimation of the average degree of dominance (h) of deleterious mutations, focusing on estimates from segregating populations. The main emphasis is on the effect of the finite size of the populations, but other sources of bias are also considered. Using diffusion(More)
We propose quantitative genetic variation as a useful tool complementary to molecular variation in order to detect changes in biodiversity caused by different human-induced activities. We simulated a metapopulation setting under a number of realistic scenarios caused by anthropogenic activities (population isolation, reduced carrying capacity or(More)
We investigate the impact of antagonistic pleiotropy on the most widely used methods of estimation of the average coefficient of dominance of deleterious mutations from segregating populations. A proportion of the deleterious mutations affecting a given studied fitness component are assumed to have an advantageous effect on another one, generating(More)