Alvar Grönberg

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Administration of dextran sulfate to mice, given in the drinking water results in acute or subacute colonic inflammation, depending on the administration protocol. This colonic inflammation exhibits ulceration, healing and repair, and a therapeutic response that makes it valuable for the study of mechanisms that could act in the pathogenesis of human(More)
BACKGROUND Mycobacterium ulcerans is the causative agent of necrotizing skin ulcerations in distinctive geographical areas. M. ulcerans produces a macrolide toxin, mycolactone, which has been identified as an important virulence factor in ulcer formation. Mycolactone is cytotoxic to fibroblasts and adipocytes in vitro and has modulating activity on immune(More)
The human cathelicidin antimicrobial peptide LL-37 is involved in various aspects of skin biology, including protection against infection, wound healing, and also in psoriasis. The tight regulation of apoptosis is critical in tissue repair and its deregulation is a part of the psoriasis phenotype. Despite being involved in cell death of several cell types,(More)
The expression of immunoregulatory cytokines was investigated in freshly isolated synovial fluid mononuclear cells (SFMC) and peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMC) from patients with RA, using a quantitative reverse transcriptase-polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR) assay. IFN-gamma, TGF-beta, IL-10 and IL-12 (p40) transcripts were detected in SFMC of(More)
Cathelicidin antimicrobial protein, hCAP18, is the sole cathelin protein in human. Its C-terminal peptide, which is released enzymatically from the holoprotein, has broad antimicrobial activity but also has effects on eukaryotic cells. hCAP18 is present in leukocytes and is produced at epithelial interfaces as part of the innate immune system. In normal(More)
The human cathelicidin antimicrobial protein-18 and its C terminal peptide, LL-37, displays broad antimicrobial activity that is mediated through direct contact with the microbial cell membrane. In addition, recent studies reveal that LL-37 is involved in diverse biological processes such as immunomodulation, apoptosis, angiogenesis and wound healing. An(More)
Venous leg ulcers (VLUs) are one of the most prevalent types of chronic wounds. The aim of this study was to determine the safety and dose-response efficacy of the human synthetic peptide LL-37 in the treatment of hard-to-heal VLUs. This first-in-man trial included 34 participants with VLUs and comprised a 3-week, open-label, run-in period on placebo,(More)
The cytokine secretion of the Salmonella-permissive, HLA-B27-positive U937 cells was examined, as it was previously shown that these cells kill Salmonella less efficiently than controls. Salmonella-permissive U937 cells showed upregulated production of interleukin 10 and to a lesser extent tumor necrosis factor alpha. HLA-B27-associated modulation of(More)
We have studied whether engagement of MHC class I (MHC-I) molecules on natural killer (NK) cells can influence the NK killing activity. Human NK effector cells, enriched by nylon wool passage, were incubated with monoclonal antibodies (MoAb) to MHC-I followed by cross-linking with secondary rabbit anti mouse Ig or streptavidin. Cross linking of MHC-I(More)
Two H-2 negative variants of the YAC-1 lymphoma were selected by mutagenization and sequential in vitro selections and compared with wild-type cells for changes in NK sensitivity and H-2 expression after interferon treatment or in vivo passage. The H-2 negative variants and the low H-2 expressor YAC-1 wild-type cells had similar NK sensitivity. However,(More)