Alvar D Gossert

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The NMR structure of the recombinant elk prion protein (ePrP), which represents the cellular isoform (ePrPC) in the healthy organism, is described here. As anticipated from the highly conserved amino acid sequence, ePrPC has the same global fold as other mammalian prion proteins (PrPs), with a flexibly disordered "tail" of residues 23-124 and a globular(More)
The identification of compounds that bind to a protein of interest is of central importance in contemporary drug research. For screening of compound libraries, NMR techniques are widely used, in particular the Water-Ligand Observed via Gradient SpectroscopY (WaterLOGSY) experiment. Here we present an optimized experiment, the polarization optimized(More)
Type 1 pili from uropathogenic Escherichia coli strains mediate bacterial attachment to target receptors on the host tissue. They are composed of up to 3000 copies of the subunit FimA, which form the stiff, helical pilus rod, and the subunits FimF, FimG, and FimH, which form the linear tip fibrillum. All subunits in the pilus interact via donor strand(More)
Molecular replacement in X-ray crystallography is the prime method for establishing structure-activity relationships of pharmaceutically relevant molecules. Such an approach is not available for NMR. Here, we establish a comparable method, called NMR molecular replacement (NMR(2)). The method requires experimentally measured ligand intramolecular NOEs and(More)
RAS mutations lead to a constitutively active oncogenic protein that signals through multiple effector pathways. In this chemical biology study, we describe a novel coupled biochemical assay that measures activation of the effector BRAF by prenylated KRASG12V in a lipid-dependent manner. Using this assay, we discovered compounds that block biochemical and(More)
Target proteins in contemporary NMR are becoming increasingly complex. The interest lies on membrane proteins, multi-domain proteins, secreted proteins with secondary modifications etc., which can often only be expressed in eukaryotic expression hosts. Although E. coli is the organism of choice for expression of proteins in isotope labeled form for NMR(More)
Hyperpolarization is generated by dissolution dynamic nuclear polarization (d-DNP) using a polymer-based polarizing agent dubbed FLAP (filterable labeled agents for polarization). It consists of a thermo-responsive poly(N-isopropylacrylamide), also known as pNiPAM-COOH, labeled with nitroxide radicals. The polymer powder is impregnated with an arbitrary(More)
The affinity between a chosen target protein and small molecules is a key aspect of drug discovery. Screening by popular NMR methods such as Water-LOGSY suffers from low sensitivity and from false positives caused by aggregated or denatured proteins. This work demonstrates that the sensitivity of Water-LOGSY can be greatly boosted by injecting(More)
Protein-ligand interactions are at the heart of drug discovery research. NMR spectroscopy is an excellent technology to identify and validate protein-ligand interactions. A plethora of NMR methods are available which are powerful, robust and information-rich, but also have pitfalls and limitations. In this review, we will focus on how to choose between(More)