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The genome of the japonica subspecies of rice, an important cereal and model monocot, was sequenced and assembled by whole-genome shotgun sequencing. The assembled sequence covers 93% of the 420-megabase genome. Gene predictions on the assembled sequence suggest that the genome contains 32,000 to 50,000 genes. Homologs of 98% of the known maize, wheat, and(More)
Classification of rare missense substitutions observed during genetic testing for patient management is a considerable problem in clinical genetics. The Bayesian integrated evaluation of unclassified variants is a solution originally developed for BRCA1/2. Here, we take a step toward an analogous system for the mismatch repair (MMR) genes (MLH1, MSH2, MSH6,(More)
The problem of multilocus linkage analysis is expressed as a graphical model, making explicit a previously implicit connection, and recent developments in the field are described in this context. A novel application of blocked Gibbs sampling for Bayesian networks is developed to generate inheritance matrices from an irreducible Markov chain. This is used as(More)
The susceptibility gene for ataxia telangiectasia, ATM, is also an intermediate-risk breast-cancer-susceptibility gene. However, the spectrum and frequency distribution of ATM mutations that confer increased risk of breast cancer have been controversial. To assess the contribution of rare variants in this gene to risk of breast cancer, we pooled data from(More)
INTRODUCTION Both protein-truncating variants and some missense substitutions in CHEK2 confer increased risk of breast cancer. However, no large-scale study has used full open reading frame mutation screening to assess the contribution of rare missense substitutions in CHEK2 to breast cancer risk. This absence has been due in part to a lack of validated(More)
STUDY OBJECTIVE The goals of this investigation were to study the temporal relationships between the demands for key resources in the emergency department (ED) and the inpatient hospital, and to develop multivariate forecasting models. METHODS Hourly data were collected from three diverse hospitals for the year 2006. Descriptive analysis and model fitting(More)
OBJECTIVE Electronically linked datasets have become an important part of clinical research. Information from multiple sources can be used to identify comorbid conditions and patient outcomes, measure use of healthcare services, and enrich demographic and clinical variables of interest. Innovative approaches for creating research infrastructure beyond a(More)
Only two genome-wide association (GWA) screens have been published for melanoma (Nat Genet 47:920–925, 2009; Nat Genet 40:838–840, 2008). Using a unique approach, we performed a genome-wide association study in 156 related melanoma cases from 34 high-risk Utah pedigrees. Genome-wide association analysis was performed on nearly 500,000 markers; we compared(More)
Pairwise linkage disequilibrium, haplotype blocks, and recombination hotspots provide only a partial description of the patterns of dependences and independences between the allelic states at proximal loci. On the gross scale, where recombination and spatial relationships dominate, the associations can be reasonably described in these terms. However, on the(More)
Probabilistic record linkage is a method commonly used to determine whether demographic records refer to the same person. The Fellegi-Sunter method is a probabilistic approach that uses field weights based on log likelihood ratios to determine record similarity. This paper introduces an extension of the Fellegi-Sunter method that incorporates approximate(More)