Alun R Coker

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Potato cathepsin D inhibitor (PDI) is a glycoprotein of 188 amino acids which can inhibit both the aspartic protease cathepsin D and the serine protease trypsin. Here we report the first X-ray structure of PDI at a resolution of 2.1 Å showing that PDI adopts a β-trefoil fold, which is typical of the Kunitz-family protease inhibitors, with the inhibitory(More)
The crystal structure of methanol dehydrogenase (MDH) from Methylobacterium extorquens has been refined without stereochemical restraints at a resolution of 1.2 A. The high-resolution data have defined the conformation of the tricyclic pyrroloquinoline quinone (PQQ) cofactor ring as entirely planar. The detailed definition of the active-site geometry has(More)
The mitochondrial permeability transition pore is a recognized drug target for neurodegenerative conditions such as multiple sclerosis and for ischemia-reperfusion injury in the brain and heart. The peptidylprolyl isomerase, cyclophilin D (CypD, PPIF), is a positive regulator of the pore, and genetic down-regulation or knock-out improves outcomes in disease(More)
The TB Structural Genomics Consortium is an organization devoted to encouraging, coordinating, and facilitating the determination and analysis of structures of proteins from Mycobacterium tuberculosis. The Consortium members hope to work together with other M. tuberculosis researchers to identify M. tuberculosis proteins for which structural information(More)
The Mycobacterium tuberculosis chaperonin 10 (Mtcpn10) has been crystallized by the sitting-drop vapour-diffusion method. The crystals belong to the monoclinic space group P21, with unit-cell parameters a = 76.5, b = 87.9, c = 124.4 A, beta = 106.8 degrees. X-ray diffraction data were collected to 2.8 A. The self-rotation function and the(More)
A number of X-ray analyses of an enzyme involved in a key early stage of tetrapyrrole biosynthesis are reported. Two structures of human 5-aminolaevulinate dehydratase (ALAD), native and recombinant, have been determined at 2.8 Å resolution, showing that the enzyme adopts an octameric quaternary structure in accord with previously published analyses of the(More)
The pentameric Escherichia coli enzyme 2-hydroxypentadienoic acid hydratase assembles to form a 20-nm-diameter particle comprising 60 protein subunits, arranged with 532 symmetry when crystallised at low pH in the presence of phosphate or sulphate ions. The particles form rapidly and are stable in solution during gel filtration at low pH. They are probably(More)
The enzyme 2,4'-dihydroxyacetophenone dioxygenase (DAD) catalyses the conversion of 2,4'-dihydroxyacetophenone to 4-hydroxybenzoic acid and formic acid. This enzyme is a very unusual dioxygenase in that it cleaves a C-C bond in a substituent of the aromatic ring rather than within the ring itself. Whilst it has been shown that DAD is a tetramer in solution,(More)
The X-ray structure of the complex formed between yeast 5-aminolaevulinic acid dehydratase (ALAD) and the inhibitor laevulinic acid has been determined at 2.15 A resolution. The inhibitor binds by forming a Schiff base link with one of the two invariant lysines at the catalytic center: Lys263. It is known that this lysine forms a Schiff base link with(More)
Calexcitin was first identified in the marine snail Hermissenda crassicornis as a neuronal-specific protein that becomes upregulated and phosphorylated in associative learning. Calexcitin possesses four EF-hand motifs, but only the first three (EF-1 to EF-3) are involved in binding metal ions. Past work has indicated that under physiological conditions EF-1(More)