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AIMS This study examines the associations between usual cigarette brand (i.e. menthol, non-menthol) and markers for nicotine dependence and quitting behaviors. DESIGN The 2003 and 2006/07 Tobacco Use Supplements to the Current Population Surveys were pooled to conduct secondary data analysis. SETTING National data were collected using in-person and(More)
PURPOSE Due to controversy regarding prostate cancer screening, it is imperative that African American men make informed decisions. Little is known about the role of cultural factors in decision-making for prostate cancer screening among African American men. The purposes of this study were: 1) to investigate components involved with decision-making for(More)
INTRODUCTION African Americans have higher colorectal cancer incidence and mortality rates than whites. They are also more likely to be diagnosed with late-stage disease and less likely to survive for at least five years after diagnosis. Lack of adherence to colorectal cancer screening recommendations has previously been found to be associated with lower(More)
Prostate cancer is the most common cause of cancer in men and the second leading cause of cancer deaths. African-American men bear a disproportionate burden of prostate cancer diagnosis and mortality. Current guidelines for prostate cancer screening differ among various medical organizations. Therefore, it is important that African-American men have the(More)
BACKGROUND There is no standardised definition of a pulmonary exacerbation in cystic fibrosis (CF). In attempting to achieve standardised criteria it is important to identify patient-reported indicators. METHODS Interviews were undertaken with 47 adults with CF. Participants were asked to report symptoms experienced during a pulmonary exacerbation in two(More)
Programmes concerned with health promotion activities frequently rely on community organisations to deliver health behaviour change interventions. This paper presents data on the recruitment of religious organisations (ROs) into a research project focused on dietary change. The authors contacted the membership list of a local multi-denominational religious(More)
BACKGROUND Baseline data from a randomized trial in 12 worksites were analyzed. Men aged 45+ (n = 812) completed surveys documenting screening history, screening preferences and decisions, CaP knowledge, decision self-efficacy, and decisional consistency. Psychosocial and demographic correlates of IDM were also assessed. RESULTS Approximately half of the(More)
PURPOSE This study examined how to improve dietary habits of individuals from the general public. DESIGN The Eating for a Healthy Life project was a randomized trial. SETTING The study was conducted among members of religious organizations (ROs). SUBJECTS Participants were a sample of RO members. INTERVENTION The intervention was a multilevel(More)
The inclusion of health-related quality of life (HRQoL) as an outcome measure in cystic fibrosis (CF) clinical trials can supply important patient-reported information not captured by other endpoints. Both an appropriate HRQoL measure and sound methodology are required in order to draw valid inferences about treatments and HRQoL. This paper provides the(More)