Alton G. Smith

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Renal hemorrhage is the most worrisome complication of percutaneous renal surgery. Between August 1983 and August 1992 we performed 2,200 percutaneous renal operations, with 17 patients (0.8%) requiring angiography and embolization for significant bleeding uncontrolled by the usual measures. The angiographic diagnoses were arteriovenous fistula in 7(More)
Inferior vena cava atresia (IVCA) is a rare but well described vascular anomaly. It is a rare risk factor for deep venous thrombosis (DVT), found in approximately 5% of cases of unprovoked lower extremity (LE) DVT in patients <30 years of age. Affected population is in the early thirties, predominantly male, often with a history of major physical exertion(More)
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