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UNLABELLED The prevalence and the excess coronary heart disease (CHD) risk of the metabolic syndrome (MS) and its components were investigated in the Turkish Adult Risk Factor Study in both a prospective and a cross-sectional manner. In a population sample, representative of Turkish adults who have low levels of high- and low-density lipoprotein-cholesterol(More)
OBJECTIVES To determine the association of atherogenic index of plasma (AIP), the logarithm of molar ratio of triglyceridemia to high-density lipoprotein cholesterol (TG/HDL-cholesterol) with cardiometabolic disorders was investigated in a sample of the Turkish population. METHODS A total of 2676 middle-aged adults were prospectively evaluated with a(More)
BACKGROUND Persistent inflammation has been proposed to contribute to various stages in the pathogenesis of cardiovascular disease. Interleukin-6 receptor (IL6R) signalling propagates downstream inflammation cascades. To assess whether this pathway is causally relevant to coronary heart disease, we studied a functional genetic variant known to affect IL6R(More)
Cardiovascular risk factors as well as morbidity and mortality from coronary heart disease among Turkish adults are herein reviewed. Lipids and lipoproteins are in focus, but other relevant risk factors are also discussed. Turks have distinctively low levels of total and high-density lipoprotein (HDL)-cholesterol, associated with high levels of hepatic(More)
BACKGROUND Apolipoprotein A5 (APOA5) gene polymorphisms are usually associated with plasma triglyceride levels. We evaluated the relationship of the APOA5 -1131T>C and c.56C>G polymorphisms [single nucleotide polymorphism (SNP)] with serum lipids, dyslipidemia [low high-density lipoprotein (HDL)/high triglyceride] and the risk for metabolic syndrome (MS) in(More)
BACKGROUND Determination of serum uric acid concentrations and role in risk of metabolic syndrome (MS) were investigated in 1877 participants in a cross-sectional population-based study including a brief follow-up. METHODS The MS was identified by modified criteria of the Adult Treatment Panel III, and coronary heart disease (CHD) by clinical findings and(More)
STUDY OBJECTIVE The aim was to describe the plasma total cholesterol and triglyceride profiles in a random sample of Turkish adults and analyse the effects of certain coronary risk factors on these levels. DESIGN This was a cross sectional population based survey. SETTING 59 communities scattered in all seven geographical regions of Turkey were surveyed(More)
IMPORTANCE The value of measuring levels of glycated hemoglobin (HbA1c) for the prediction of first cardiovascular events is uncertain. OBJECTIVE To determine whether adding information on HbA1c values to conventional cardiovascular risk factors is associated with improvement in prediction of cardiovascular disease (CVD) risk. DESIGN, SETTING, AND(More)
In the present study, we examined (i) whether C3 (complement C3) was an independent marker of prevalent CHD (coronary heart disease), and (ii) which preferential associations existed between C3 and some cardiovascular risk factors when jointly analysed with CRP (C-reactive protein) and fibrinogen. In a cohort of 756 unselected adults, 39% of whom had the(More)
INTRODUCTION Metabolic syndrome (MetS) defines the clustering in an individual of multiple metabolic abnormalities, based on central obesity and insulin resistance. In addition to its five components, prothrombotic and proinflammatory states are essential features. The significance of MetS lies in its close association with the risk of type 2 diabetes and(More)