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A simple digital format supporting the technical aspects of exchange and storage of polygraphic signals has been specified. Implementation of the format is simple and independent of hard- or software environments. It allows for any local montages, transducers, prefiltering, sampling frequencies, etc. At present, 7 laboratories in various countries have used(More)
ii iii iv v PREFACE The human species as conscious creatures seem to have something special, namely a particular organ-the brain-which can connect matter (physical entity) and mind (purely non-physical) to each other in both directions. For example, humans can assign a meaning to a physical entity; and they can also transform ideas into facts of the(More)
A new approach to visual evaluation of long-term EEG recordings is proposed. The method is based on multichannel adaptive segmentation, subsequent feature extraction, automatic classification of the acquired segments by fuzzy cluster analysis (fuzzy c-means algorithm), and on the distinguishing of thus identified EEG segments by colour directly in the EEG(More)
Sleep spindles are transient EEG waveforms of non-rapid eye movement sleep. There is considerable intersubject variability in spindle amplitudes. The problem in automatic spindle detection has been that, despite this fact, a fixed amplitude threshold has been used. Selection of the spindle detection threshold value is critical with respect to the(More)
An automatic method for the classification of wakefulness and sleep stages SREM, S1, S2 and SWS was developed based on our two previous studies. The method is based on a two-channel electro-oculography (EOG) referenced to the left mastoid (M1). Synchronous electroencephalographic (EEG) activity in S2 and SWS was detected by calculating cross-correlation and(More)
Spindles are one of the most important short-lasting waveforms in sleep EEG. They are the hallmarks of the so-called Stage 2 sleep. Visual spindle scoring is a tedious workload, since there are often a thousand spindles in one all-night recording of some 8 hr. Automated methods for spindle detection typically use some form of fixed spindle amplitude(More)