Alphonse Roy

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The Merkel cell is a highly specialized cell that primarily acts as a slowly adapting mechanoreceptor. Merkel cells are scarce in normal skin but can be identified by the expression of distinct keratin filaments. Merkel cells constitute a very unique population and many questions still remain as to their origin, number, proliferative capacity, and functions(More)
Adipose tissue is an accessible and abundant source of mesenchymal stem cells for soft-tissue reconstruction. In an attempt to create a novel, entirely autologous tissue-engineered adipose substitute, we extracted human stromal cells from either lipoaspirated or resected fat, and assessed their capacity to produce a three-dimensional adipose tissue using an(More)
Several normal human cells, such as hematopoietic stem cells, dendritic cells, and B cells, can be cultured in vitro in defined optimal conditions. Several ex vivo culture systems require the use of feeder cells to support the growth of target cells. In such systems, proliferation of feeder cells has to be stopped, so that they can be used as nonreplicating(More)
Representative modelling of human adipose tissue functions is central to metabolic research. Tridimensional models able to recreate human adipogenesis in a physiological tissue-like context in vitro are still scarce. We describe the engineering of white adipose tissues reconstructed from their cultured adipose-derived stromal precursor cells. We hypothesize(More)
Telomeres and telomerase, the telomere lengthening enzyme, have been shown to play a central role in the long-term ability of cells to proliferate and maintain viability. In opposition to transformed cells, normal somatic cells express a low level of telomerase, which results in the gradual shortening of their telomeres after each division and in cell(More)
The treatment of severely burned patients has benefited from the grafting of skin substitutes obtained by expansion of epithelial cells in culture. The aim of this study was to evaluate whether the anatomic site chosen for harvesting skin had an impact on the quality of the derived cell cultures. Considering that hair follicles contain epithelial stem(More)
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