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The Axl receptor tyrosine kinase was identified as a protein encoded by a transforming gene from primary human myeloid leukaemia cells by DNA-mediated transformation of NIH 3T3 cells. Axl is the founding member of a family of related receptors that includes Eyk, encoded by a chicken proto-oncogene originally described as a retroviral transforming gene, and(More)
Bcl-xL and Bcl-w specifically interact with PP1alpha and Bad. A phosphatase activity sensitive to okadaic acid was detected in Bcl-xL, Bcl-w and Bad immunoprecipitates. Serine phosphorylation of Bcl-xL and Bcl-w correlates with the number of trimolecular complexes formed. Depletion of Bcl-xL and Bcl-w decreases the remaining Bad-associated phosphatase(More)
Protein phosphatase 2A (PP2A) is a large family of holoenzymes that comprises 1% of total cellular proteins and accounts for the majority of Ser/Thr phosphatase activity in eukaryotic cells. Although initially viewed as constitutive housekeeping enzymes, it is now well established that PP2A proteins represent a family of highly and sophistically regulated(More)
The reversible phosphorylation of proteins controlled by protein kinases and protein phosphatases is a major mechanism that regulates a wide variety of cellular processes. In contrast to C. elegans, recent studies in mammalian cells have highlighted a major role of serine/threonine protein phosphorylation in apoptosis. To illustrate the importance of(More)
Stimulation of dopaminergic type 1 (D(1)) receptors increases lung edema clearance by regulating Na,K-ATPase function in the alveolar epithelium. We studied the role of serine/threonine protein phosphatases in the Na,K-ATPase regulation by D(1) agonists in A549 cells. We found that low doses of the type 1/2A protein phosphatase inhibitor okadaic acid as(More)
Many molecules relocate subcellularly in cells undergoing apoptosis. Using coimmunoprecipitation experiments we demonstrate that Bad is not associated to 14-3-3 protein, suggesting a new mechanism for the control of the proapoptotic role of Bad. Here we show, by confocal microscopy and cellular fractionation, that Bad is attached to lipid rafts in(More)
Entry into mitosis is a highly regulated process, promoted by the activated Cyclin B1/Cdk1 complex. Activation of this complex is controlled, in part, by the protein kinase Aurora-A, which is a member of a multigenic serine/threonine kinase family. In normal cells, Aurora-A activity is regulated, at least in part, by degradation through the(More)
The molecular recognition of specific transfer RNAs by the appropriate aminoacyl-tRNA synthetase is an important step in determining the accuracy of translation of the genetic message from nucleic acids into proteins. Recent studies using variant tRNAs with specific sequence modifications have indicated particular regions that determine their identity. Here(More)
Previous in vivo studies have established that pituitary nitric oxide synthase type 1 (NOS1) is regulated by gonadotropin-releasing hormone (GnRH). The aim of our study was to elucidate the mechanisms of NOS1 regulation by GnRH in rat pituitary cells. Using a perifused cell system, we demonstrated that NOS1 induction was sensitive to GnRH pulse frequency(More)
Apoptosis is an essential feature of development and homeostasis in higher organisms. Lipid rafts are subdomains of the plasma membrane that contain high concentrations of cholesterol and sphingolipids. In response to intra or extracellular stimuli, lipid rafts can include or exclude proteins to variable extents. This favors specific protein-protein(More)