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FOXO1, a member of the winged-helix family of transcription factors, is a ubiquitously expressed protein involved in regulating a variety of cellular processes including glucose homeostasis, apoptosis, cell cycle control, muscle differentiation, and angiogenesis. In addition to these biological functions, FOXO1 is a key player in the oxidative stress(More)
FOXO1A, a member of the forkhead winged-helix family of proteins is a transcription factor with proapoptotic activities and plays a significant role in insulin and growth factor signaling. As such, FOXO1A is insulin responsive and binds to the insulin response element (IRE). However, multiple forkhead family members with diverse biological functions are(More)
Oral squamous cell carcinoma (OSCC) is the most common cancer affecting the oral cavity, and US clinics will register about 30,000 new patients in 2015. Current treatment modalities include chemotherapy, surgery, and radiotherapy, which often result in astonishing disfigurement. Cancers of the head and neck display enhanced levels of glucose-regulated(More)
The etiology of intellectual disabilities (ID) remains unknown for the majority of patients. Due to reduced reproductive fitness in many individuals with ID, de novo mutations account for a significant portion of severe ID. The ATP-dependent SWI/SNF chromatin modifier has been linked with neurodevelopmental disorders including ID and autism. ARID2 is an(More)
CONTEXT Pediatric adrenocortical tumors (ACTs) are rare and are frequently associated with tumor predisposition syndromes. Somatic GNAS1 mutations are associated with adrenocortical hyperplasia, but have not typically been reported in ACTs. OBJECTIVE We report on genetic and histopathological findings in a 3-month-old infant presenting with a unilateral(More)
To the editor: Polycythemia is a rare disorder in children and the vast majority of cases are secondary to causes such as cyanotic congenital heart disease, congenital lung diseases, liver and kidney disease, and masses producing erythropoietin. Mutations in exon 3 of the VHL gene are the most common cause of congenital erythrocytosis [1–3]. Several reports(More)
BACKGROUND Classic galactosemia (CG) is a potentially lethal genetic disorder that results from profound loss of galactose-1-phosphate uridylyltransferase (GALT). CG is detected by newborn screening (NBS) in many countries; however, conclusive diagnosis can be complex due to broad and overlapping ranges of GALT activity. Molecular studies can also be(More)
Autoimmune response targeting the hematopoietic stem cells highlights the current understanding of acquired aplastic anemia (AAA) pathogenesis. Upregulation of the unfolded protein response is the cell's rejoinder to a variety of stresses, which either result in restoring homeostasis or cell death by increased expression of the transcription factor C/EBP(More)
The regulation of gene expression drives many biological processes and alterations in normal regulation are integral in the development of the diseased state. Therefore, the ability to screen genomic DNA for direct targets of DNA binding proteins (DNA-BP) would provide valuable information about the mechanisms underlying these processes. At present(More)
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