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BACKGROUND Embryo quality may be accurately assessed as early as the pronuclear zygote phase, as shown in recent studies. However, it is not known whether good quality zygotes are destined to become good quality cleavage stage embryos and blastocysts. METHODS In this retrospective study, 86 intracytoplasmic sperm injection-embryo transfer cycles were(More)
Recent studies indicate a strong paternal influence on embryo development and progression of the embryo to the blastocyst stage. The aim of this study was to compare, during extended culture, the in-vitro development of embryos resulting from intracytoplasmic sperm injection (ICSI) of ejaculated spermatozoa (group 1, n = 347), epididymal (group 2, n = 22)(More)
In non-obstructive azoospermia spermatozoa can usually only be isolated from the testicles, and thus the most promising treatment model is testicular sperm extraction (TESE). Hormone concentrations, testicular volume determinations and testicular biopsy results are not uniform enough to select potential candidates for successful TESE and intracytoplasmic(More)
Purpose: The aim was to evaluate the effect of aspirin on pregnancy and implantation rates in an unselected group of patients undergoing intracytoplasmic sperm injection (ICSI). Methods: Two hundred and seventy-nine patients were randomized to receive 80 mg of aspirin (n = 139) or no treatment (r = 136) starting from the first day of controlled ovarian(More)
Thirty-two infertile couples with obstructive and non-obstructive azoospermia were included in this study. Testicular sperm extraction (TESE) was performed in 16 obstructive azoospermic cases where microsurgical sperm aspiration (MESA) or percutaneous sperm aspiration (PESA) were impossible because of totally destroyed epididymis and 16 non-obstructive(More)
The aim of this study was to evaluate whether the extraction of testicular spermatozoa with percutaneous versus open biopsy has an effect on the treatment outcome with intracytoplasmic sperm injection (ICSI) in men with non-obstructive azoospermia. Regardless of testicular size, follicle stimulating hormone concentration, and previous biopsy result,(More)
Progression to the blastocyst stage of embryos derived from testicular round spermatids in men with non-obstructive azoospermia was studied. A total of 56 men were studied in whom partial spermatogenesis failure had occurred where only very few spermatozoa (fewer than the number of oocytes retrieved) were extracted from multiple testicular biopsy specimens.(More)
Excess embryos from patients undergoing intracytoplasmic sperm injection and embryo transfer for male infertility were cultured to determine the rate and timing of their progression to the blastocyst stage. In 194 embryo transfer cycles, four embryos with the morphologically best grading were transferred and at least two embryos were cultured. The cycles(More)
The aim of this study was to determine the effect of 24-h in-vitro culture of testicular spermatozoa in recombinant follicle stimulating hormone (recFSH) supplemented medium versus simple medium on sperm motility, and to analyse the outcome of intracytoplasmic sperm injection (ICSI) of such spermatozoa. A total of 143 positive testicular sperm extraction(More)
OBJECTIVE To analyze the performance of two different embryo transfer catheters (Wallace and Frydman) in an in vitro fertilization (IVF)-intracytoplasmic sperm injection (ICSI) program. STUDY DESIGN Four hundred twenty-eight IVF or ICSI embryo transfer cycles were analyzed. A trial transfer was performed before the initiation of controlled ovarian(More)