Aloun Mary Vilay

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Decreased renal drug clearance is an obvious consequence of acute kidney injury (AKI). However, there is growing evidence to suggest that nonrenal drug clearance is also affected. Data derived from human and animal studies suggest that hepatic drug metabolism and transporter function are components of nonrenal clearance affected by AKI. Acute kidney injury(More)
OBJECTIVE To investigate daptomycin pharmacokinetics in critically ill patients receiving continuous venovenous hemodialysis to develop dosing recommendations. DESIGN Prospective, open-label pharmacokinetic study. SETTING : Intensive care units located within a teaching medical center. PATIENTS Eight adults with known/suspected Gram-positive(More)
OBJECTIVE Our objective was to determine the effects of peridialytic oral supplements on nutritional markers and quality of life (QOL) in patients receiving maintenance hemodialysis. DESIGN This trial was open, prospective, nonrandomized, and comparative. SETTING This study was performed at an outpatient hemodialysis unit in a teaching hospital. (More)
Methotrexate, administered for treatment of pediatric and adult malignancies, is a direct renal toxin, which can lead to renal dysfunction, decreased methotrexate clearance, elevated methotrexate concentrations, and systemic toxicity. Although plasma methotrexate concentrations have been shown to decline precipitously after a single dose of glucarpidase,(More)
This study characterizes the pharmacokinetics of ertapenem, a carbapenem antibiotic, in critically ill adult subjects receiving continuous renal replacement therapy (CRRT). Eight critically ill patients with suspected/known Gram-negative infections receiving continuous venovenous hemodialysis (CVVHD) or continuous venovenous hemodiafiltration (CVVHDF) and(More)
AIM Low health literacy (HL) may contribute to poor self-management of chronic kidney disease (CKD) and poor kidney function. This study aimed to assess the relationship between HL and estimated glomerular filtration rate (eGFR). METHODS A cross-sectional observational study was conducted among consecutive eligible adult patients with CKD stages 1-4(More)
Hemodialysis (HD) and continuous venovenous hemodialysis (CVVHD) have an unproven role in the management of carbamazepine overdose. Albumin-enhanced CVVHD may accelerate carbamazepine (CBZ) clearance, but no pharmacokinetic data has been reported for traditional CVVHD without albumin enhancement. In addition, it is unclear whether the active CBZ-epoxide(More)
PURPOSE Synergy between β-lactams and vancomycin against methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) and vancomycin-intermediate Staphylococcus aureus (VISA) has been observed in vitro and in vivo. However, studies investigating piperacillin-tazobactam with vancomycin against MRSA and VISA are limited despite broad clinical use of these antibiotics(More)
CONTEXT Over two million poisoning exposures are reported to U.S. poison control centers annually. A broad population-based survey of toxic exposures and the correlated patterns of reported kidney injury (acute or chronic) have not been systematically characterized. OBJECTIVE Our objective was to study the demographic and exposure patterns associated with(More)