Alonso Galvan

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Insulin-mediated vasodilation has been proposed as a determinant of in vivo insulin sensitivity. We tested whether sustained vasodilation with adenosine could overcome the muscle insulin resistance present in mildly overweight patients with essential hypertension. Using the forearm technique, we measured the response to a 40-min local intraarterial infusion(More)
BACKGROUND Hyperinsulinemia and insulin resistance may contribute to the development of cardiac hypertrophy. In humans, however, the evidence is inconclusive. METHODS AND RESULTS We studied 50 nondiabetic subjects covering a wide range of age (20 to 65 years), body mass index (BMI, 19 to 40 kg x m(-2)), and mean blood pressure (72 to 132 mm Hg). Plasma(More)
In normal subjects, insulin decreases the urinary excretion of sodium, potassium, and uric acid. We tested whether these renal effects of insulin are altered in insulin resistant hypertension. In 37 patients with essential hypertension, we measured the changes in urinary excretion of sodium, potassium, and uric acid in response to physiological euglycemic(More)
Metabolic and hemodynamic abnormalities have been separately described in obesity, and weight reduction is known to lead to some improvement in each. Our aim was to simultaneously assess metabolic and cardiovascular function in normotensive, normotolerant patients with moderate obesity (body mass index = 32.6 +/- 1.1 kg/m2) before and after weight loss. The(More)
Insulin resistance is found in association with obesity, non-insulin-dependent diabetes mellitus, and essential hypertension, which are all risk factors for atherosclerotic cardiovascular disease. Furthermore, hyperinsulinemia has been reported in familial combined hyperlipoproteinemia and endogenous hypertriglyceridemia. Finally, relatively high serum(More)
Elevated intracellular calcium concentrations ([Ca2+]i) have been described in essential hypertension and other insulin-resistant states. Our aim was to explore the relationship between insulin resistance and abnormal Ca2+ metabolism. In 50 nondiabetic subjects, half of whom had untreated essential hypertension, we simultaneously measured the in vivo effect(More)
We tested whether acute alpha 2-blockade affects insulin secretion, glucose and fat metabolism, thermogenesis, and hemodynamics in humans. During a 5-h epinephrine infusion (50 in five volunteers, deriglidole, a selective alpha 2-receptor inhibitor, led to a more sustained rise in plasma insulin and C-peptide levels (+59 +/- 14 vs. +28 +/- 6,(More)
PURPOSE To focus on the interactions between insulin secretion, glucose tolerance and insulin sensitivity on the one hand and the renin-angiotensin-aldosterone system on the other. EFFECTS ON INSULIN Insulin is a potent stimulus for hypokalaemia, sparing body potassium from urinary excretion by transporting it into cells. Potassium also appears to play a(More)
Gastric bezoar formation is an uncommon sequela of gastroduodenal surgery or unusual eating habits. Because they generally produce severe symptoms, their removal is always necessary. Previously, this required surgical extirpation or slow enzymatic dissolution. We present here an endoscopic procedure for bezoar removal utilized successfully in five patients(More)