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New technologies have facilitated the study of the ocular circulation. These modalities and analysis techniques facilitate very precise and comprehensive study of retinal, choroidal, and retrobulbar circulations. These techniques include: 1. Vessel caliber assessment; 2. Scanning laser ophthalmoscopic fluorescein angiography and indocyanine green(More)
AIMS To determine if normal tension glaucoma (NTG) patients differ from age matched controls in blood flow to the peripapillary retina, as measured with confocal scanning laser Doppler flowmetry (cSLDF; "Heidelberg retinal flowmetry"). METHODS 12 NTG patients and 12 age matched controls were compared using (a) 10 x 10 pixel boxes (the instrument default(More)
Glaucoma is a disease characterized by progressive optic neuropathy resulting in retinal ganglion cell death, which affects approximately 68 million people worldwide. Risk factors include intraocular pressure (IOP), genetics, race, age, and vascular factors. Exercise is known to affect IOP and systemic cardiovascular factors and, therefore, may affect(More)
AIM To determine the ocular haemodynamic response to gas perturbations in glaucoma. METHODS Intraocular pressure (IOP), systemic systolic and diastolic blood pressure (SBP and DBP), and retrobulbar blood flow velocities, measured by colour Doppler imaging (CDI), were recorded at two visits. CDI was used to measure peak systolic and end diastolic(More)
The purpose of this literature review and meta-analysis was to determine what, if any, effects topical carbonic anhydrase inhibitors have on ocular hemodynamics in humans. A literature review and meta-analysis was conducted to investigate the effects of topical carbonic anhydrase inhibitors on ocular blood flow. Thirty-five articles were evaluated according(More)
PURPOSE To review the role of ocular perfusion in the pathophysiology of age-related macular degeneration (AMD), the leading cause of irreversible blindness in the industrialized world. METHODS Medline search of the literature published in English or with English abstracts from 1966 to 2000 was performed using various combinations of relevant key words.(More)
This review article discusses the relationship between ocular perfusion pressure and glaucoma, including its definition, factors that influence its calculation and epidemiological studies investigating the influence of ocular perfusion pressure on the prevalence, incidence and progression of glaucoma. We also list the possible mechanisms behind this(More)
Attempts to noninvasively quantify the oxygen saturation of blood within the retinal vasculature date back to the 1950s. This article discusses the various approaches that have been taken to estimate the oxygen saturation in the retinal vasculature. Advantages and limitations of each are discussed. Data from human and animal subjects are also presented.