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This is a précis of a book on frustration theory, whose explanatory domain includes a family of phenomena that have been summarized by the terms dispositional learning and memory-systems that ordinarily have a long-term historical etiology, and in which the learning is relatively reflexive and the memory implicit and not strongly episodic. The book is an(More)
The most prominent hypothesis of hippocampal function likens the hippocampus to a "cognitive map," a term used by a famous learning theorist, E. C. Tolman, to explain maze learning. The usual application of this concept of cognitive map, as it applies to the hippocampus, is to what is called spatial learning, mainly in the radial-arm maze of Olton and the(More)
In this paper we provide a detailed overview of the field of software restructuring and refactoring from a formal as well as a from a practical point of view. After summarizing refactoring's current applications and tool support, we discuss the current research on refactoring in a number of essential research questions. Lastly, we highlight the key(More)
The behaviorism that cognitive scientists attack is a caricature, drawn primarily from the more polemical writings of J. B. Watson and B. F. Skinner. In this brief commentary, I discuss the fact that these writings, and especially Skinner's, offered the neocognitivists such a polar difference from their own position, that it was easier to ignore the(More)
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