Learn More
To compare the impact of various dosage forms of melatonin and placebo on jet lag symptoms, 320 volunteers who had flights over 6 to 8 time zones were recruited for a double-blind, randomized, placebo-controlled study. The volunteers received either melatonin 0.5-mg fast-release (FR) formulation, melatonin 5-mg FR formulation, melatonin 2-mg(More)
OBJECTIVE To compare the tolerability of malaria chemoprophylaxis regimens in non-immune travellers. DESIGN Randomised, double blind, study with placebo run-in phase. SETTING Travel clinics in Switzerland, Germany, and Israel. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURE Proportion of participants in each treatment arm with subjectively moderate or severe adverse events. (More)
BACKGROUND The aim of this study was to compare the effectiveness and tolerability of a chronobiotic (melatonin) with a hypnotic (zolpidem) and the combination of both substances to alleviate jet lag symptoms associated with eastward travel. METHODS This double-blind, randomized, placebo-controlled study is based on 137 volunteers flying from Switzerland(More)
This longitudinal study of travellers to Africa taking mefloquine (MQ) chemoprophylaxis aimed to quantify and assess non-serious adverse events (AE) occurring during short-term prophylaxis and relate these to concentrations of racemic MQ, its enantiomers and metabolite. A total of 420 volunteers (52% F) participated. AEs with some impact on activities were(More)
It has been suggested that the threshold limit value (TLV) for the time-weighted average (TWA), of benzene be lowered because of its possible leukemogenic effect at low exposure concentrations. This requires the development of new methods of biological monitoring. In this cross-sectional study the diagnostic power of blood and breath benzene and of urinary(More)
Ethylene oxide is considered as a human carcinogen. A biomarker of exposure would be a useful instrument to assess the risk in occupationally exposed workers. This cross-sectional study aimed at examining (a) whether the urinary excretion of a metabolite of ethylene oxide, 2-hydroxyethyl mercapturic acid (HEMA), could be used for monitoring occupational(More)
In this study we assessed whether travellers can perform malaria rapid tests, following the provided information leaflet, and correctly interpret performed and pre-prepared test strips. Two Plasmodium falciparum testing systems, namely MalaQuick (ICT) and ParaSight F were used. Test performance and test interpretation of pre-prepared tests were compared.(More)
Cultures of human lymphocytes exposed in microgravity to the mitogen concanavalin A showed less than 3 percent of the activation of ground controls. This result supports the hypothesis, based on simulations at low g and experiments at high g, that microgravity depresses whereas high gravity enhances cell proliferation rates. The effects of gravity are(More)
BACKGROUND Because millions of people are self-prescribing melatonin for various indications, the safety aspects of this substance have become very important. The aim of our study was to determine whether or not melatonin impairs driving-related performance. METHODS Twenty healthy men and women aged 21-57 years volunteered for this randomized,(More)
BACKGROUND Basal cell carcinoma (BCC) is the most frequent skin cancer with increasing incidence and generally high cure rates. BCC can be quite aggressive and is difficult to treat. OBJECTIVES To investigate BCCs with a focus on histological subtypes, treatment procedures and correlation to clinical progress to collect further information on complex BCC(More)