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In this Letter we report on the exploration of axial metal/semiconductor (Al/Ge) nanowire heterostructures with abrupt interfaces. The formation process is enabled by a thermal induced exchange reaction between the vapor-liquid-solid grown Ge nanowire and Al contact pads due to the substantially different diffusion behavior of Ge in Al and vice versa.(More)
We present a novel approach to develop and process a microelectrode integrated in a standard AFM tip. The presented fabrication process allows the integration of an electroactive area at an exactly defined distance above of the end of a scanning probe tip and the subsequent remodeling and sharpening of the original AFM tip using a focused ion beam (FIB)(More)
With the integration of submicro- and nanoelectrodes into atomic force microscopy (AFM) probes using microfabrication techniques, an elegant approach combining scanning electrochemical microscopy (SECM) with AFM has recently been introduced. Simultaneous contact mode imaging of a micropatterned sample with immobilized enzyme spots and imaging of enzyme(More)
In this article, we explore the application of Scanning Capacitance Microscopy (SCM) for studying focused ion beam (FIB) induced damage in silicon. We qualitatively determine the technologically important beam shape by measuring the SCM image of FIB processed implantation spots and by comparison of topographical and SCM data. Further, we investigate the(More)
In this Letter we present the electrical and electro-optical characterization of single crystalline germanium nanowires (NWs) under tensile strain conditions. The measurements were performed on vapor-liquid-solid (VLS) grown germanium (Ge) NWs, monolithically integrated into a micromechanical 3-point strain module. Uniaxial stress is applied along the ⟨111⟩(More)
We demonstrate a reliable microfabrication process for a combined atomic force microscopy (AFM) and scanning electrochemical microscopy (SECM) measurement tool. Integrated cone-shaped sensors with boron doped diamond (BDD) or gold (Au) electrodes were fabricated from commercially available AFM probes. The sensor formation process is based on mature(More)
Numerical simulations were performed to predict the amperometric response of conical electrodes used as atomic force microscopy-scanning electrochemical microscopy (AFM-SECM) probes. A simple general expression was derived which predicts their steady state limiting current as a function of their insulation sheath thickness and cone aspect ratio. Simulated(More)