Learn More
Comparing the determination of language dominance using fMRI with results of the Wada test in 100 patients with different localization-related epilepsies, the authors found 91% concordance between both tests. The overall rate of false categorization by fMRI was 9%, ranging from 3% in left-sided temporal lobe epilepsy (TLE) to 25% in left-sided extratemporal(More)
Factors influencing atypical speech lateralization have theoretical importance in understanding the organization and reorganization of higher cognitive functions, as well as having practical implications, especially in brain surgery and neurorehabilitation. Atypical (right-sided or bilateral) language representation is more frequent in focal epilepsy than(More)
Most humans have a left hemispheric dominance for language. However, during diagnostic language testing there also is activation of the right hemisphere, which is probably related to attention. To investigate further the role of attention during language production we monitored cerebral blood flow velocities in the middle cerebral arteries by continuous(More)
We propose an epileptic seizure classification based exclusively on ictal semiology. In this semiological seizure classification (SSC), seizures are classified as follows: a. Auras are ictal manifestations having sensory, psychosensory, and experiential symptoms. b. Autonomic seizures are seizures in which the main ictal manifestations are objectively(More)
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE Functional transcranial Doppler ultrasonography (fTCD) can assess event-related changes in cerebral blood flow velocities and, by comparison between sides, can provide a measure of hemispheric perfusional lateralization. It is easily applicable, insensitive to movement artifacts, and can be used in patients with less than perfect(More)
Cortical spreading depression (CSD) occurrence has been suggested to be associated with seizures, migraine aura, head injury and brain ischemia-infarction. Only few studies identified CSD in human neocortical slices and no comprehensive study so far evaluated this phenomenon in human. Using the neocortical tissue excised for treatment of intractable(More)
We mapped the regional cerebral glucose metabolism (rCMRGlu) in 20 patients suffering from medically refractory focal epilepsy of either left or right mesiotemporal origin (mTLE) during resting wakefulness. After temporal lobectomy, histology demonstrated hippocampal sclerosis in 18 patients. Pixel-by-pixel comparisons with healthy control subjects showed(More)
PURPOSE Anterior temporal lobe resection (ATR) is a treatment option in drug-resistant epilepsy. An important risk of ATR is loss of memory because mesiotemporal structures contribute substantially to memory function. We investigated whether memory-activated functional MRI (fMRI) can predict postoperative memory loss after anterior temporal lobectomy in(More)
Prognostic variables for individual memory outcome after left anterior temporal lobectomy (ATL) were studied in 27 patients with refractory temporal lobe epilepsy. The difference between pre- and postoperative performance in the delayed recall of two prose passages (Story A and B) from the Wechsler Memory Scale served as measure of postoperative memory(More)
Temporal lobe epilepsy (TLE) accompanied by hippocampal sclerosis (HS) is the type of epilepsy most frequently operated on. The predictors for long-term seizure freedom after surgery of TLE-HS are unknown. In this study, we aimed to identify prognostic factors which predict the outcome 6 months and 2, 3 and 5 years after epilepsy surgery of TLE-HS. Our(More)