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Leukocyte traffic through secondary lymphoid tissues is finely tuned by chemokines. We have studied the functional properties of a human T cell subset marked by the expression of CXC chemokine receptor 5 (CXCR5). Memory but not naive T cells from tonsils are CXCR5(+) and migrate in response to the B cell-attracting chemokine 1 (BCA-1), which is selectively(More)
gamma delta T cells are inadequately defined both in terms of their migration potential and contribution to antimicrobial immunity. Here, we have examined the migration profile of human blood gamma delta T cells and related cell lines and correlated these findings with their distribution in secondary lymphoid tissues and their function in B-cell cocultures.(More)
BACKGROUND The envelope protein from multiple sclerosis (MS) associated retroviral element (MSRV), a member of the Human Endogenous Retroviral family 'W' (HERV-W), induces dysimmunity and inflammation. OBJECTIVE The objective of this study was to confirm and specify the association between HERV-W/MSRV envelope (Env) expression and MS. METHODS 103 MS,(More)
BACKGROUND Two hybridomas, which secrete human monoclonal antibodies of IgG4 isotype specific for the main bee venom antigen/allergen phospholipase A2, were generated. The antigenic determinants recognized by these antibodies were mapped and compared with the binding sites of murine monoclonal and human polyclonal antibodies raised against the same antigen.(More)
The epitope specificities of 13 hybridomas secreting monoclonal antibodies (MAbs) specific for pertussis toxin (PT) is described. Hybridoma lines were derived by the fusion of spleen cells from mice immunized with native PT, Formalin-detoxified PT, or isolated PT subunits (S1 to S5) with the myeloma line X63-Ag8.653. Five MAbs showed a toxin-neutralizing(More)
The interplay of inflammatory cells, mediators and cytokines during type I allergic reactions in the nose is well described. But even though allergen-specific IgE is known to play a central role for the induction of these events, little is known about nasal B cells and their role in the local allergic reaction. It was the aim of the present study to examine(More)
Immunohistological analysis of human tissue using monoclonal antibodies against cytokeratins, which are confined to cells of epithelial origin, is a valuable technique. Using human epidermal keratins as antigen, we prepared monoclonal antibodies against cytokeratins (ZK1, ZK7, ZK61 and ZK99) and against a desmosomal protein (ZK31). Immunohistochemical(More)
Monoclonal antibodies (mAbs) have been prepared against type IV collagen isolated from human kidney. Two mAbs, designated CIV 22 and CIV 16, were extensively characterized. CIV 22 reacted only with native type IV collagen, whereas CIV 16 also bound to fragments derived from the alpha 1(IV) chain after reduction and alkylation of the molecule. Therefore, CIV(More)
Endogenous retroviruses represent about 8% of the human genome and belong to the superfamily of transposable and retrotransposable genetic elements. Altogether, these mobile genetic elements and their numerous inactivated "junk" sequences represent nearly one half of the human DNA. Nonetheless, a significant part of this "non-conventional" genome has(More)
A trivalent influenza virosome vaccine containing hemagglutinin and Escherichia coli heat-labile toxin (HLT) was administered intranasally to young adults and elderly subjects. Symptoms that followed immunization were mild and transient. A significant increase in serum hemagglutination inhibition (HI) antibody was noted for the 3 vaccine strains. There was(More)