Almut Gebhard

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The authors determined the positive predictive value (PPV) for progression to tuberculosis (TB) of two interferon-gamma release assays (IGRAs), QuantiFERON-TB Gold In-tube (QFT-GIT) and T-SPOT.TB, and the tuberculin skin test (TST) in immigrants contacts. Immigrant close contacts of sputum smear-positive TB patients were included when aged > or =16 yrs and(More)
The production of guidelines for the management of drug-resistant tuberculosis (TB) fits the mandate of the World Health Organization (WHO) to support countries in the reinforcement of patient care. WHO commissioned external reviews to summarise evidence on priority questions regarding case-finding, treatment regimens for multidrug-resistant TB (MDR-TB),(More)
Attempts to improve the diagnosis of tuberculosis (TB) in high-burden countries has resulted in significant funding and initiatives to change the method of diagnosis of TB from light microscopy supplemented with X-ray to a sophisticated diagnostic algorithm based on the latest technological innovations. Such activities are overdue and should be welcomed,(More)
OBJECTIVE To study the association between TB and household expenditure in a nationwide TB prevalence survey in Viet Nam using nine household characteristics. METHOD To assess the prevalence of TB in Viet Nam, a nationwide stratified cluster sample survey was conducted from 2006 to 2007. Nine household characteristics used in the second Viet Nam Living(More)
FOREWORD The current debates on demographic transformation have been characterised on the one hand by declining birth rates and on the other by increasing life expectancy. Such debates usually focus on the consequences for society, which are frequently described in dark terms. In this booklet, by contrast, you will find analyses and suggestions on how to(More)
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