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Cisplatin is a highly effective chemotherapeutic agent but displays significant ototoxic side effects. The most prominent change seen in the cochlea after cisplatin administration consists of loss of outer hair cells. Several mechanisms are believed to mediate cisplatin-induced apoptosis: binding of cisplatin to guanine bases on DNA and the formation of(More)
OBJECTIVE The aim of the present study was to study patterns in the extended spectrum of the human hearing (0.125 to 20 kHz) in order to obtain reference thresholds. Then, we compare our values with existing results at extended high-frequencies (8 to 20 kHz) in an attempt to establish new standards for potential international adoption. DESIGN A(More)
The aim of this work is to provide a guide for clinical and genetic diagnosis and classification of the enlarged vestibular aqueduct syndrome based on a review of the literature and computerized databases with the words large and enlarged vestibular aqueduct. No more than 40 articles described association between the EVA phenotype and a known genetic(More)
CONCLUSION The administration of cisplatin induces the activation of superoxide dismutase (SOD) as a response to oxidative stress in the cochleae of Sprague-Dawley rats and this activation is proportional to the activation of the intrinsic pathway of apoptosis. OBJECTIVES To determine the role of the antioxidant endogenous mechanism in the preservation of(More)
CONCLUSION Inductively coupled plasma mass spectrometry (ICP-MS) can be applied to organic tissues obtained from experimental animals. Hearing loss does not correlate with the platinum (Pt) concentration found in the inner ear. Drug structure and affinity to inner ear proteins could explain ototoxicity caused by cisplatin. OBJECTIVES To analyse Pt(More)
INTRODUCTION AND OBJECTIVES Immune-mediated inner ear disease (IMIED) is one of the few reversible forms of sensorineural hearing loss. Treatment is based on high-dose corticosteroids, although long-term therapy is associated with serious adverse effects; this has led to the use of other agents or different routes of administration such as transtympanic(More)
Syphilis is a well established cause of hearing loss. Sensorineural hearing loss may develop in the congenital or acquired form. The clinical course of the early acquired and late congenital forms are similar: sudden or rapidly progressive bilateral sensorineural hearing loss with mild vestibular symptoms. Cochleovestibular involvement in early acquired(More)
Many clinical and experimental studies have obtained evidence of immune-mediated inner ear disease. Discrepancies between theories of the mechanisms of injury to the inner ear and the laboratory tests that identify it mean that the diagnosis is based on clinical symptoms and a positive response to treatment. We report four cases of immune-mediated inner ear(More)
OBJECTIVE To describe a simple approach to the rat middle ear because there are few clear descriptions of this technique with minimal morbidity and mortality. STUDY DESIGN AND SETTING Six male Long-Evans rats were used in this study. We designed a cervical approach to the middle ear with the purpose of creating an experimental model of ossiculoplasty that(More)