Almudena Trinidad

Learn More
Mutations of the EYA1 gene (8q13.3) are the most common known cause of the branchio-oto-renal dysplasia (BOR), an autosomal dominant disease that includes developmental defects of branchial arch structures, middle and/or inner ear and kidney. The distinction between BOR and other dysplasias, such as oto-facio-cervical syndrome (OFC), is challenged by(More)
Cisplatin is a highly effective chemotherapeutic agent but displays significant ototoxic side effects. The most prominent change seen in the cochlea after cisplatin administration consists of loss of outer hair cells. Several mechanisms are believed to mediate cisplatin-induced apoptosis: binding of cisplatin to guanine bases on DNA and the formation of(More)
The aim of this work is to provide a guide for clinical and genetic diagnosis and classification of the enlarged vestibular aqueduct syndrome based on a review of the literature and computerized databases with the words large and enlarged vestibular aqueduct. No more than 40 articles described association between the EVA phenotype and a known genetic(More)
CONCLUSION Inductively coupled plasma mass spectrometry (ICP-MS) can be applied to organic tissues obtained from experimental animals. Hearing loss does not correlate with the platinum (Pt) concentration found in the inner ear. Drug structure and affinity to inner ear proteins could explain ototoxicity caused by cisplatin. OBJECTIVES To analyse Pt(More)
CONCLUSION The administration of cisplatin induces the activation of superoxide dismutase (SOD) as a response to oxidative stress in the cochleae of Sprague-Dawley rats and this activation is proportional to the activation of the intrinsic pathway of apoptosis. OBJECTIVES To determine the role of the antioxidant endogenous mechanism in the preservation of(More)
INTRODUCTION AND OBJECTIVES Immune-mediated inner ear disease (IMIED) is one of the few reversible forms of sensorineural hearing loss. Treatment is based on high-dose corticosteroids, although long-term therapy is associated with serious adverse effects; this has led to the use of other agents or different routes of administration such as transtympanic(More)
PURPOSE Analysis of labyrinthitis in a model of otitis media. MATERIALS AND METHODS Morphologic study in 20 Wistar rats in which otitis media was induced by transbullar inoculation of Pseudomonas aeruginosa with obstruction of the eustachian tube. RESULTS Seventy percent of rats showed vestibular signs. Histologic changes ranged from nonaffected(More)
BACKGROUND Because of their anti-inflammatory effects and suppression of the immune system, glucocorticoids have been widely used in otolaryngologic disorders and perioperative conditions. OBJECTIVE The objective of the present study was to determine the incidence of adverse effects after the administration of glucocorticosteroids in patients affected by(More)
Many clinical and experimental studies have obtained evidence of immune-mediated inner ear disease. Discrepancies between theories of the mechanisms of injury to the inner ear and the laboratory tests that identify it mean that the diagnosis is based on clinical symptoms and a positive response to treatment. We report four cases of immune-mediated inner ear(More)
Syphilis is a well established cause of hearing loss. Sensorineural hearing loss may develop in the congenital or acquired form. The clinical course of the early acquired and late congenital forms are similar: sudden or rapidly progressive bilateral sensorineural hearing loss with mild vestibular symptoms. Cochleovestibular involvement in early acquired(More)