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Recent evidence suggests that a melatonin (MEL) mechanism of action may be through modulation of Ca2+-activated calmodulin (CaM). MEL binds to CaM with a high affinity, and has been shown to act as a CaM antagonist. Among the CaM-dependent enzymes, Ca2+/Calmodulin-dependent protein kinase II (CaM-kinase II) is a particularly abundant enzyme in the nervous(More)
The present study presents the first "in vivo" evidence of enzymatic activity and nutritional regulation of a Δ4-desaturase-dependent DHA synthesis pathway in the teleost Solea senegalensis. Juvenile fish were fed diets containing 2 lipid levels (8 and 18%, LL and HL) with either 100% fish oil (FO) or 75% of the FO replaced by vegetable oils (VOs). Fatty(More)
The coexistence of immunoreactivities to serotonin (5HT), calcitonin (CT) and calcitonin gene-related peptide (CGRP) was studied in pulmonary endocrine cells of the Iberian lizard by immunocytochemistry and in semithin/thin sections under light and electron microscope. Immunostaining of serial sections revealed coexistence of 5HT/CT/CGRP immunoreactivities(More)
The endocrine cells of rainbow trout pyloric ceca and intestine have been investigated immunocytochemically using the avidin-biotin method. Twenty-six antisera were tested and 13 endocrine cell types immunoreacted with antisera to serotonin, somatostatin-25, bombesin, C-flanking bombesin, substance P, salmon PP, NPY, PYY, PP, glucagon, GLP1, Met-enkephalin,(More)
CART (cocaine- and amphetamine-regulated transcript) is a peptide with neurotransmitter and neuroendocrine functions with several key roles, both centrally and peripherally. In mammals there is a single gene that produces two alternatively spliced variants in rat and a single transcript in human but in teleosts multiple genes have been found. In the present(More)
The endocrine cells and nerves of the respiratory tract of the reptile Podarcis hispanica were investigated by immunocytochemistry under light microscopy. Immunoreactivities were more numerous in the lung than in the trachea. In the tracheal epithelium, endocrine cells immunoreactive to PHI, PYY, and Leu-enkephalin were detected, while immunoreactivity to(More)
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