Almudena Martín-Peña

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OBJECTIVES Escherichia coli belonging to clonal group ST131 has emerged as a significant contributor to infection caused by antibiotic-resistant E. coli worldwide. We investigated the risk factors for infections caused by ST131 E. coli and their clinical implications. METHODS One thousand and seventy-seven E. coli isolates were screened for ST131 by(More)
UNLABELLED Infections are frequent and serious in pediatric RT recipients; however, the information available is scarce. The aim of this study was to determine the incidence, etiology, and risk factors for infection in these patients. This was a prospective, observational study of a consecutive pediatric RT recipient cohort. Risk factors for infection and(More)
BACKGROUND Giving antifungal therapy exclusively to selected patients with persistent febrile neutropenia may avoid over-treatment without increasing mortality. The aim of this study was to validate an innovative diagnostic and therapeutic approach based on assessing patients' risk profile and clinical criteria in order to select those patients requiring(More)
Incidence, etiology, and outcome of infectious episodes in patients with myeloid neoplasms receiving azacitidine are uncertain, with no prospective data available in this group of patients. The aim of the current study was to analyze the incidence and factors related to the probability of infection in a cohort of patients with myelodysplastic syndrome (MDS)(More)
This is a prospective, observational study of a consecutive cohort of allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (allo-HSCT) adult recipients conducted between July 2003 and May 2006, with the aim of identifying the current incidence, etiology, risk factors for infections and associated mortality up to two yr after allo-HSCT. Seventy-four episodes(More)
The outcome of invasive aspergillosis (IA) continues to be associated with significant attributable mortality, especially in patients with hematological malignancies and in hematopoietic stem cell transplant recipients. In this context, antifungal combined therapy (ACT) has become an emerging strategy against IA. In an attempt to evaluate the benefits of(More)
BACKGROUND It has been suggested that preemptive therapy against cytomegalovirus (CMV) infection after transplantation promotes a CMV-specific immune response. Our objective was to determine whether solid-organ transplant patients at high risk for CMV infection treated preemptively acquire a CMV-specific immune response and whether the acquired immune(More)
Invasive fungal infections (IFIs) are becoming more frequent due to the increasing number of patients at risk. Over the last decade, their prognosis has improved with the diagnostic and therapeutic advances, including new antifungals. In the two years, from 2007 to 2009, antifungal consumption increased by 27%, 67 times more than antibacterial consumption,(More)
BACKGROUND The use of pre-emptive or prophylactic treatment to control cytomegalovirus (CMV) replication after solid organ transplant (SOT) remains controversial. The aim of this study was to evaluate whether administration of pre-emptive treatment to control viral replication guided by a highly sensitive diagnostic tool is an effective approach for(More)
New approaches of empirical antifungal therapy (EAT) in selected hematological patients with persistent febrile neutropenia (PFN) have been proposed in recent years, but their cost-effectiveness has not been studied. The aim of this study was to compare the cost-effectiveness of two different approaches of EAT in hematological patients with PFN: the(More)