Almudena Castro

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This two-wave longitudinal study examines the ability of pessimistic attributional style and coping strategies to predict depressive symptoms in a sample of 99 patients with coronary heart disease (CHD). After the cardiac episode, the globality dimension of this style was associated with increased depressive symptoms, and this association was mediated by(More)
OBJECTIVES Negative attributional style (NAS), or tendency to explain negative events through internal, stable, and global causes, has proved to be an important predictor of depressive symptoms and poor health, including coronary heart disease (CHD). The goal of this two-wave longitudinal study was to look at whether depressive symptoms are caused by or are(More)
A propuesta del comité de guías clínicas de la SEC, las Secciones de Hipertensión y Prevención Cardiovascular y Rehabilitación Cardiaca seleccionaron un grupo de cardiólogos expertos en PCV para revisar las Guías de PCV publicadas este año por la ESC y traducidas en REVISTA ESPAÑOLA DE CARDIOLOGÍA. El objetivo es comentar la naturaleza y la oportunidad de(More)
Atherosclerotic cardiovascular disease remains the major cause of premature death in developed and developing countries. Nevertheless, surveys show that most patients still do not achieve the lifestyles, risk factor levels, and therapeutic targets recommended in primary and secondary prevention. The present update reflects the most recent novelties in risk(More)
Cardiovascular risk management in the primary prevention population is impeded by the fact that risk scores do not identify properly a low-moderate risk population that could benefit from the use of preventive strategies. Current risk scores are further limited by their complexity and the lack of applicability to special patient populations and the(More)
BACKGROUND Negative emotions are linked to the onset and development of coronary heart diseases (CHD), whereas positive emotions are associated with better health and lower mortality rates among patients with these diseases. The objective of this randomised trial was to improve cardiac patients' emotional states using a Programme to Improve Well-being (PIW)(More)
The VI European Guidelines for Cardiovascular Prevention recommend combining population and high-risk strategies with lifestyle changes as a cornerstone of prevention, and propose the SCORE function to quantify cardiovascular risk. The guidelines highlight disease specific interventions, and conditions as women, young people and ethnic minorities. Screening(More)
BACKGROUND A higher prevalence of airflow limitation (AL) has been described in patients with ischemic heart disease (IHD). Although small airway dysfunction (SAD) is an early feature of AL, there is little information about its occurrence in IHD patients. Our objective was to describe the prevalence of SAD in IHD patients, while comparing patient-related(More)
Benefit finding (BF) is defined as the individual's perception of positive change as a result of coping with an adverse life event. The beneficial effects of BF on well-being could be because BF favors the improvement of resources like self-efficacy, social support and effective coping. The main objective of this longitudinal 8 week study was to explore, in(More)
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