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Our previous studies suggest that a failure to degrade aggregated Abeta1-42 in late endosomes or secondary lysosomes is a mechanism that contributes to intracellular accumulation in Alzheimer's disease. In this study, we demonstrate that cultured primary neurons are able to internalize soluble Abeta1-42 from the culture medium and accumulate inside the(More)
We have analyzed the effect of internalized amyloid beta-protein (A beta) 1-42 aggregates on the metabolism of the amyloid precursor protein (APP) in stably transfected 293 cells. The amount of potentially amyloidogenic fragments of APP immunoprecipitated by anti-carboxyl-terminal APP and anti-A beta antibodies is dramatically enhanced by the treatment of(More)
Eighteen cytidines are changed to uridines in the coding sequence of transcripts for cytochrome c oxidase subunit 2 (cox2) in maize mitochondria. The temporal relationship of editing and splicing was examined in cox2 transcripts by sequence analysis of spliced and unspliced cDNAs. Cloned cDNAs of unspliced cox2 transcripts ranged from clones with no edited(More)
Previous studies have implicated the failure to degrade aggregated Abeta1-42 in late endosomes or secondary lysosomes as a mechanism for the accumulation of beta-amyloid in Alzheimer's disease. We examined the consequences of intracellular accumulation of Abeta1-42 on the integrity of the endosomal/lysosomal compartment by monitoring Lucifer Yellow(More)
Recent studies showing that microglia internalize the amyloid beta-peptide (Abeta) suggest that these cells have the potential for clearing Abeta deposits in Alzheimer's disease, and mechanisms that regulate the removal of Abeta may therefore be of clinical interest. Previous studies from this laboratory showing that C1q enhances phagocytosis of cellular(More)
Our early study indicates that intracellular Abeta1-42 aggregates are resistant to degradation and accumulate as an insoluble residue in lysosomes, where they alter the normal catabolism of amyloid precursor protein (APP) to cause the accumulation of insoluble APP and amyloidogenic fragments. In this study, we examined whether the addition of exogenous(More)
A critical issue concerning Alzheimer's disease is its selectivity, which leads to cellular degeneration in certain brain areas but not in others, and whether this pathogenic selectivity involves products of the amyloid precursor protein (APP). Here, we show that the amyloid beta protein Abeta1-42 is accumulated gradually and is retained intact by field(More)
The identification of the cellular and subcellular regions of the Alzheimer's disease brain to which the presenilin-1 (PS-1) protein localizes is expected to contribute to an understanding of its pathophysiological role. Toward this end, we have derived an affinity-purified antibody to a synthetic PS-1 peptide. In this report, we demonstrate that this(More)
The loss or dysfunction of the pancreatic endocrine β-cell results in diabetes. Recent innovative therapeutic approaches for diabetes aim to induce β-cell proliferation in vivo by pharmacological intervention. Based on the finding that overexpression of the transcription factor Nkx6.1 in islets in vitro increases β-cell proliferation while maintaining(More)
Seventy-two isolates of carbapenem-resistant Pseudomonas aeruginosa (CRPA) collected through the Taiwan Surveillance of Antimicrobial Resistance (TSAR) program in 2000 and 2002 were studied for carriage of metallo-beta-lactamase (MBL), integrase genes, and integrons. Epidemiologic relatedness was determined using pulsed-field gel electrophoresis. The(More)