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Forty adults, post-stroke from anterior circulation unilateral cerebrovascular accident (approximately 2 years post onset) and 40 age-matched controls (M = 57 years) practiced a rapid, spatially and temporally constrained programmed action under one of two augmented feedback practice conditions. Participants in the stroke group used the upper limb(More)
OBJECTIVE To investigate the effectiveness of computerized virtual reality (VR) training of the hemiparetic hand of patients poststroke using a system that provides repetitive motor reeducation and skill reacquisition. METHODS Eight subjects in the chronic phase poststroke participated in a 3-week program using their hemiparetic hand in a series of(More)
Geschwind (1975) proposed a disconnection model in which an apraxic subject is unable to carry out movements to command because the left hemisphere that comprehended the verbal command is disconnected from the right premotor and motor areas which controls the left hand. An alternate model, however, proposes that apraxia results from destruction of(More)
Development and application of virtual reality (VR) systems for rehabilitation is an iterative process produced by collaboration of an inter-disciplinary team of engineers, neuroscientists and clinician-scientists. In this paper the use of virtual reality technology for the rehabilitation of individuals post-stroke is described. The development of the(More)
Corticobasal degeneration (CBD) is a progressive disorder characterized by both cortical and basal ganglia dysfunction such as asymmetrical apraxia, and akinetic rigidity, involuntary movements, and cortical sensory loss. Although apraxia is a key finding for the differential diagnosis of CBD, it has not been determined whether the features of apraxia seen(More)
Liepmann posited that right hand preference relates to left hemisphere dominance for learned skilled movements. Limb apraxia, impairment of skilled movement, typically occurs in individuals with left hemisphere (LH) lesions. The occurrence of apraxia in right-handed individuals following right-hemisphere lesions appears to refute Liepmann's hypothesis. We(More)
Liepmann posited that, in right handers, the left parietal lobe contains movement formulas or representations. Therefore, performance failures may be induced by degraded representations, a failure of these representations to influence motor systems or a failure of stimuli to fully access these representations. Imitation may help the performance of subjects(More)
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE Recent evidence indicates that intensive massed practice may be necessary to modify neural organization and effect recovery of motor skills in patients following stroke. Virtual reality (VR) technology has the capability of creating an interactive, motivating environment in which practice intensity and feedback can be manipulated to(More)
Recent experimental evidence suggests that rapid advancement of virtual reality (VR) technologies has great potential for the development of novel strategies for sensorimotor training in neurorehabilitation. We discuss what the adaptive and engaging virtual environments can provide for massive and intensive sensorimotor stimulation needed to induce brain(More)
Competing models of the basis of limb apraxia were tested through analysis of joint coordination deficits in three apraxic subjects with lesions that included the left parietal lobe. Three-dimensional shoulder, elbow, wrist and hand trajectories were recorded for repetitive 'slicing' gestures made in a series of conditions in which contextual cues were(More)