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Delta9-Tetrahydrocannabinol from Cannabis sativa is mimicked by cannabimimetic analogs such as CP55940 and WIN55212-2, and antagonized by rimonabant and SR144528, through G-protein-coupled receptors, CB1 in the brain, and CB2 in the immune system. Eicosanoids anandamide and 2-arachidonoylglycerol are the "endocannabinoid" agonists for these receptors. CB1(More)
This review evaluates the cellular mechanisms of constitutive activity of the cannabinoid (CB) receptors, its reversal by inverse agonists, and discusses the pitfalls and problems in the interpretation of the research data. The notion is presented that endogenously produced anandamide (AEA) and 2-arachidonoylglycerol (2-AG) serve as autocrine or paracrine(More)
CB1 receptors are G-protein coupled receptors (GPCRs) abundant in neurons, in which they modulate neurotransmission. The CB(1) receptor influence on memory and learning is well recognized, and disease states associated with CB(1) receptors are observed in addiction disorders, motor dysfunction, schizophrenia, and in bipolar, depression, and anxiety(More)
Association of cannabimimetic compounds such as cannabinoids, aminoalkylindoles (AAIs), and arachidonylethanolamide (anandamide) with the brain cannabinoid (CB(1)) receptor activates G-proteins and relays signals to regulate neuronal functions. A CB(1) receptor homology model was constructed using the published x-ray crystal structure of bovine rhodopsin(More)
Effects of cannabinoid compounds on neurons are predominantly mediated by the CB(1) cannabinoid receptor. Onset of signaling cascades in response to cannabimimetic drugs is triggered by the interaction of the cannabinoid receptor with G(i/o) proteins. Much work has been done to delineate the cannabinoid agonist-induced downstream signaling events; however,(More)
The intracellular C-terminal helix 8 (H8) of the CB(1) cannabinoid receptor deviates from the highly conserved NPXXY(X)(5,6)F G-protein-coupled receptor motif, possessing a Leu instead of a Phe. We compared the signal transduction capabilities of CB(1) with those of an L7.60F mutation and an L7.60I mutation that mimics the CB(2) sequence. The two mutant(More)
Isolation and structure elucidation of most of the major cannabinoid constituents--including Δ(9)-tetrahydrocannabinol (Δ(9)-THC), which is the principal psychoactive molecule in Cannabis sativa--was achieved in the 1960s and 1970s. It was followed by the identification of two cannabinoid receptors in the 1980s and the early 1990s and by the identification(More)
Dopamine D2 autoreceptors located on the midbrain dopaminergic neurons modulate dopamine (DA) neuron firing, DA release, and DA synthesis through a negative-feedback mechanism. Dysfunctional D2 autoreceptors following repeated drug exposure could lead to aberrant DA activity in the ventral tegmental area (VTA) and projection areas such as nucleus accumbens(More)