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The GER human pancreatic carcinoma cell line possesses receptors for 1,25-dihydroxyvitamin D3. We report that the vitamin D analogue EB 1089 inhibits the growth of these cells in vitro and when grown as tumour xenografts in immunodeficient mice. Tumour-bearing mice were given EB 1089 at a dose of 5 microg kg(-1) body weight i.p. thrice weekly for 4-6 weeks.(More)
This review discusses the function and localisation of lymphocytes resident within the human liver, under both physiological and pathological conditions. Through description of the mechanisms that mediate lymphocyte recruitment into tissues, this article explains how hepatic endothelial and epithelial cells regulate the recruitment of specific lymphocyte(More)
The separation of bile ductule cells from Kupffer and sinusoidal endothelial cells in a suspension of non-parenchymal cells has been attempted. Bile duct ligation was performed so that a four-fold increase in the total number of non-parenchymal cells isolated from rat liver was attained and the proportions of both Kupffer and bile ductule cells were(More)
Skeletal muscle is the main tissue responsible for glucose utilization in the fed state, and it expresses the ubiquitous GLUT1 glucose transporter and the muscle/fat specific GLUT4 glucose transporter. Here we investigated the expression of these transporters during muscle cell differentiation in vitro. Rat L6 muscle cells were grown to the stages of(More)
A human pancreatic adenocarcinoma lambda gt11 expression library was differentially screened with mRNA derived from normal and cancerous pancreatic tissues. Five clones preferentially hybridized with pancreatic adenocarcinoma mRNA. cDNA inserts from 4 of these clones were amplified by PCR, labelled with alpha 32P and used in Northern blot analysis against(More)
Primary human panceratic exocrine adenocarcinoma has been established in tissue culture and as xenografts in immune-deficient nu/nu mice. The cell line has a doubling time of 36 h and grows as a confluent monolayer together with a constant population of free-floating cells. Evidence of tumourigenicity was provided by growth on an early diploid fibroblast(More)
Membrane-bound carbonic anhydrase IV (CAIV) expression has been evaluated in a range of fetal and adult human tissues and in cell culture. All tissues tested showed expression of CAIV, assessed by Western blotting, with a single immunodetected band at 55 kDa. The levels varied in fetal lung and liver during development and in various zones of the fetal(More)
The athymic nude rat rnu/rnu has been established as an in vivo model for the acceptance of human digestive-tumour xenografts. We report the successful xenografting of 7/12 (58%) primary explants from patients with digestive cancer. Successful xenografting also occurred in 21/25 (84%) pancreatic tumours derived from a pancreatic exocrine adenocarcinoma(More)
Six different immunisation regimes have been used to generate spleen cells with reactivity against human pancreatic exocrine cancer. Immunised spleen cells were fused with an NSO/1 myeloma line and supernatants from these hybridomas selectively screened for monoclonal antibodies which bound predominantly to a pancreatic cancer cell line (GER). The spleen(More)