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FOXP3 is critical for the development and function of CD4(+)CD25(bright) natural regulatory T cells (nTreg). Individuals harboring mutations in FOXP3 develop immune dysregulation, polyendocrinopathy, enteropathy, X-linked syndrome (IPEX). We describe a child diagnosed with IPEX who underwent a reduced intensity, T and B cell depleted, matched unrelated(More)
BACKGROUND Adenosine mediates its actions through four G protein-coupled receptors, A1, A2a, A2b and A3. The A1 receptor (A1R) is dominant in adipocytes where it mediates many actions that include inhibition of lipolysis, stimulation of leptin secretion and protection against obesity-related insulin resistance. OBJECTIVE The objective of this study is to(More)
Focal glomerulosclerosis (FGS) has been considered as HIV-associated nephropathy, a specific renal complication of infection. To determine whether renal disease in HIV infected patients has one highly prevalent pathologic expression, and whether renal parenchymal viral genomic incorporation affects pathologic outcome, we reviewed renal biopsies performed at(More)
Human immunodeficiency virus (HIV)-1 infection may be complicated by progressive renal glomerular disease, including focal segmental glomerulosclerosis (FSGS) and proliferative glomerulonephritis. We examined renal tissue from 71 patients, including biopsies and autopsies from patients in the presence and absence of HIV-1 infection. We assessed the extent(More)
Focal segmental glomerulosclerosis associated with human immunodeficiency virus nephropathy (HIVFGS) involves glomeruli, tubules, and interstitium. Its pathogenesis is unknown, but HIV peptides may be critical in its development. Human immunodeficiency virus peptides and peptide-antibody complexes are immunomodulatory, and are associated with apoptosis in(More)
BACKGROUND Pimecrolimus cream 1% has been shown to effectively control atopic eczema (AE) when applied twice daily from the first signs or symptoms of AE until clearance. Moreover, pimecrolimus cream 1% has a favourable safety profile, lacking topical corticosteroid-related side-effects such as skin atrophy, making it particularly useful to treat delicate(More)
BACKGROUND Renal cellular HIV infection has been linked to the pathogenesis of HIV-associated nephropathy (HIVAN), but mediators of its development are unknown. HIV infection is associated with disordered cytokine metabolism, and chemokine receptors are coreceptors for HIV immune cellular infection. Chemokines such as interleukin (IL)-8, monocyte(More)
Nitric oxide (NO) was produced when bovine peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMC) or purified, adherent PBMC (macrophages) were incubated in vitro with bovine recombinant interferon gamma (Bo rIFN-gamma). NO was produced by cells from naive, uninfected calves as well as by cells from cattle either infected with or recovered from infection with Theileria(More)
Fifty-two children with symptomatic sickle cell disease sickle cell disease (SCD) (N = 43) or transfusion-dependent thalassemia (N = 9) received matched sibling donor marrow (46), marrow and cord product (5), or cord blood (1) allografts following reduced intensity conditioning (RIC) with alemtuzumab, fludarabine, and melphalan between March 2003 and May(More)